French Biotech Start-Ups and Biotech Clusters in France. The Importance of Geographic Proximity
AbstractBased on a survey of the French Biotech SMEs (see annex 1), this article examines localisation effects in the biotechnology sector. It consists of two strands of analysis. The first presents a detailed statistical survey of the French biotechnology sector. Among other things, the survey shows that a) localisation effects within France are strong, and b) French firms can be grouped into four general types of firm, ranging from ‘type 1' growth-oriented product firms, to ‘type 2' niche market players, ‘type 3' subsidiaries of larger firms, and ‘type 4' firms that have been acquired. Localisation effects differ across these firms, especially across type 1 (international) and type 2 (very localised) firms. The second strand of analysis consists of a review of the localisation and related cluster literature, with implications identified for localisation and knowledge spillovers within biotech clusters. The relative effects of the proximity of scientific centres compared to public policy on start-ups is examined.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number hal-00424183.
Date of creation: 2003
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published, Biotechnology in Comparative Perspective - Growth and Regional Concentration, Routeledge (Ed.), 2003, 221-257
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://hal.grenoble-em.com/hal-00424183
Contact details of provider:
Web page: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/
You can help add them by filling out this form.
CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
- Claus Michelsen & Harald Wolf & Michael Schwartz, 2013.
"Regional Entrepreneurial Opportunities in the Biotech Industry: Exploring the Transition from Award-Winning Nascent Entrepreneurs to Real Start-Ups,"
European Planning Studies,
Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(11), pages 1708-1734, November.
- H. Wolf & Claus Michelsen & Michael Schwartz, 2010. "Regional Entrepreneurial Opportunities in the Biotech Industry: Exploring the Transition from Award-winning Nascent Entrepreneurs to Real Start-ups," IWH Discussion Papers 25, Halle Institute for Economic Research.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (CCSD).
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.