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  • Jackie Krafft

    (GREDEG - Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie et Gestion - CNRS : UMR6227 - Université de Nice Sophia-Antipolis)

Abstract

L'objet de cet ouvrage est d'analyser la concurrence comme un processus, c'est à dire comme un phénomène intrinsèquement dynamique et complexe. Dans son acception courante, la concurrence est l'ensemble des actions qui sont engagées dans le but de faire aboutir les objectifs d'une firme au détriment des autres. Ces actions sont mises en œuvre afin de permettre la réalisation des choix de cette firme tout en restreignant le champ de manoeuvre des firmes rivales. La concurrence est donc fondamentalement perçue comme un comportement. Elle traduit le processus de rivalité et de compétition qui a lieu entre les firmes lorsqu'elles se disputent un marché existant ou potentiel, ou bien une ressource productive (humaine, physique ou financière). Ainsi, dans le monde des affaires, les firmes mettent en œuvre différentes stratégies afin de conquérir ou de conserver un avantage concurrentiel. Les revues spécialisées expliquent le succès ou les mésaventures de telle ou telle firme qui a choisi, pour arriver à cette fin, d'accroître ou de diminuer ses prix, de différencier ses produits, d'engager des dépenses de R&D ou de publicité, de développer de nouvelles activités, d'imiter les stratégies ou les produits des autres firmes, d'expérimenter de nouvelles formes d'organisation interne, d'élaborer des relations complexes avec leurs fournisseurs, leurs clients et parfois même leurs concurrents.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number hal-00212290.

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Date of creation: 1999
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Publication status: Published, Le Processus de Concurrence, Economica (Ed.), 1999, 1-12
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00212290

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  1. Baumol, William J, 1992. "Horizontal Collusion and Innovation," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 102(410), pages 129-37, January.
  2. Vickers, John, 1995. "Concepts of Competition," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 47(1), pages 1-23, January.
  3. André Sapir & Pierre Buigues & Alexis Jacquemin, 1995. "European policies on competition, trade and industry: conflict and complementaries," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/8082, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  4. Demsetz, Harold, 1973. "Industry Structure, Market Rivalry, and Public Policy," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 16(1), pages 1-9, April.
  5. Geroski, P A, 1992. "Vertical Relations between Firms and Industrial Policy," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 102(410), pages 138-47, January.
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Cited by:
  1. Evens Salies & Jackie Krafft, 2006. "The cost of switching Internet providers in the French broadband industry, or why ADSL has diffused faster than other innovative technologies," Sciences Po publications n°2006-16, Sciences Po.
  2. Jackie Krafft & Francesco Quatraro & Pier-Paolo Saviotti, 2008. "Evolution of the knowledge base in knowledge intensive sectors," Working Papers hal-00264261, HAL.
  3. Salvadori, Neri & Signorino, Rodolfo, 2011. "Competition," MPRA Paper 38387, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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