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Diversification of peri-urban small farms toward fruit production in Yaoundé (Cameroon). Consequences for the development process and research

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  • Sandrine Dury

    ()
    (MOISA - Marchés, Organisations, Institutions et Stratégies d'Acteurs - CIRAD : UMR99 - IRD - IAMM - INRA : UR1110 - Montpellier SupAgro)

  • Ludovic Temple

    ()
    (Horticulture - Horticulture - CIRAD : UPR27)

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    Abstract

    La croissance urbaine en Afrique a entraîné une augmentation de la demande de consommation pour les fruits et légumes, de nombreuses modifications des systèmes de production périurbains et une diversification des revenus des populations rurales. Dans la zone péri-urbaine de Yaoundé, les systèmes de productions se sont transformés d'une agriculture d'autosubsistance vers une agriculture commerciale. Certaines zones se sont également spécialisées, en particulier vers la production d'agrumes. Cette spécialisation spatiale, ne s'est pourtant pas accompagnée d'une spécialisation des exploitations. Les petites et moyennes exploitations continuent à cultiver plusieurs espèces de plantes pérennes et annuelles dans des systèmes agroforestiers complexes. A partir de l'observation d'un village situé dans la zone de production de clémentines d'Obala, situé à 60 km au nord de Yaoundé, cette étude se propose (1) d'étudier les déterminants historiques et économiques de cette spécialisation (ii) d'en évaluer les conséquences au niveau des exploitations et (iii) de tirer des recommandations pour l'orientation de la recherche et du développement.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number hal-00148318.

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    Date of creation: 1999
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    Publication status: Published - Presented, , 1999, Chambery, France
    Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00148318

    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00148318/en/
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    Web page: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/

    Related research

    Keywords: Diversification - Fruits - Cameroun - Innovation - Péri-urbain - Modelisation;

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    Cited by:
    1. Ludovic Temple & Jules René Minkoua Nzie & Sophie Marquis & Sandrine Dury, 2008. "Impact de l'urbanisation sur l'intensification des systèmes de production horticoles au Cameroun," Post-Print, HAL cirad-00950458, HAL.

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