Climate Variability and Internal Migration: A Test on Indian Inter-State Migration
AbstractWe match migration data from the Indian census with climate data to test the hypothesis of climate variability as a push factor for internal migration. The main contribution of the analysis is to introduce relevant meteorological indicators of climate variability, based on the standardized precipitation index. Gravity-type estimations derived from a utility maximization approach cannot reject the null hypothesis that the frequency of drought acts as a push factor on inter-state migration in India. The effect is significant for both male and female migration rates. Drought duration and magnitude as well as flood events are never statistically significant.
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Date of creation: May 2013
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Climate change; India; internal migration; PPML; SPI;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-06-09 (All new papers)
- NEP-ENV-2013-06-09 (Environmental Economics)
- NEP-MIG-2013-06-09 (Economics of Human Migration)
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