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La congestion du boulevard périphérique parisien : Estimations, évolution 2000-2007, discussions

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  • Martin Koning

    ()
    (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - CNRS : UMR8174 - Université Paris I - Panthéon-Sorbonne)

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    Abstract

    Cet article se propose d'étudier le coût économique engendré par la congestion du boulevard périphérique parisien (BPP). Nous mobilisons un modèle basé sur une relation vitesse-densité, ce qui nous permet de différencier les coûts d'utilisation de la route et de congestion du BPP selon des classes de vitesse de 5 km/h. Nous profitons d'une importante base de données sur le trafic du BPP pour mener ce travail à une triple échelle : le BPP dans son ensemble, selon la dimension temporelle et géographique. Le coût économique lié à la sur-utilisation du BPP se chiffre à plus de 130 M € pour 2007. Les pertes de temps ont augmenté de 10 % depuis 2000 (120 M €), à cause de la baisse des vitesses de circulation (-5 %) mais également de la croissance du coût d'opportunité du temps (+8 %). Nous terminons ce travail en proposant une grille de tarification applicable avec l'introduction d'un éventuel péage urbain sur le BPP.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by HAL in its series Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) with number halshs-00363389.

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    Date of creation: Jan 2009
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    Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:halshs-00363389

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    Keywords: Congestion routière; boulevard périphérique parisien; relation vitesse-densité.;

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