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Schizophrénie intergénérationnelle

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  • Bruno Decreuse

    ()
    (GREQAM - Groupement de Recherche en Économie Quantitative d'Aix-Marseille - Université de la Méditerranée - Aix-Marseille II - Université Paul Cézanne - Aix-Marseille III - École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) - CNRS : UMR6579)

  • Bertrand Wigniolle

    ()
    (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - CNRS : UMR8174 - Université Paris 1 - Panthéon-Sorbonne)

Abstract

L'amour lorsqu'il est poussé à son paroxysme confine à l'étouffement. Telle est la morale de cet article dans lequel un parent altruiste module son offre de travail en partie pour assurer le meilleur niveau de vie possible à son enfant. Lorsque le travail des parents et celui des enfants sont parfaitement substituables dans la production, ce comportement pousse les salaires à la baisse. Si les salaires horaires sont rigides, l'emploi est rationné et les jeunes sont les premières victimes de ce rationnement. Nous montrons que ce mécanisme est à l'origine de fluctuations endogènes entre chômage et plein emploi lorsque la productivité des travailleurs âgés est négativement influencée par la durée de chômage passée. Nous analysons également le soutien politique pour le salaire minimum lorsque la productivité des jeunes est soumise à un aléa : le salaire minimum, l'offre de travail des vieux et le chômage des jeunes augmentent tous trois avec le facteur d'altruisme.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) with number halshs-00185314.

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Date of creation: 2006
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Publication status: Published, Recherches Economiques de Louvain, 2006, 72, 1, 49-74
Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:halshs-00185314

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Keywords: Générations imbriquées; Altruisme; Offre de travail endogène; Chômage;

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  1. Bazen, Stephen & Skourias, Nicolas, 1997. "Is there a negative effect of minimum wages on youth employment in France?," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 41(3-5), pages 723-732, April.
  2. Barro, Robert J., 1974. "Are Government Bonds Net Wealth?," Scholarly Articles 3451399, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  3. Abowd, J.M. & Kramarz, F. & Margolis, D.N., 1998. "Minimum Wages and Employment in France and the United States," Papiers du Laboratoire de Microéconomie Appliquée 1998-12, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1).
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  7. Marceau, Nicolas & Boadway, Robin, 1994. " Minimum Wage Legislation and Unemployment Insurance as Instruments for Redistribution," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 96(1), pages 67-81.
  8. Stark, Oded, 1989. "Altruism and the Quality of Life," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(2), pages 86-90, May.
  9. Thibault, E., 1999. "Bequests and the Intergenerational Degree of Altruism," G.R.E.Q.A.M. 99a43, Universite Aix-Marseille III.
  10. Gilles Saint-Paul, 1993. "On the Political Economy of Labor Market Flexibility," NBER Chapters, in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 1993, Volume 8, pages 151-196 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Kramarz, Francis & Margolis, David N. & Abowd, John M. & Philippon, Thomas, 2000. "The Tail of Two Countries: Minimum Wages and Employment in France and the United States," IZA Discussion Papers 203, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  12. Pierre Pestieau & Philippe Michel, 2000. "Retraite par répartition et âge de la retraite," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(1), pages 15-30.
  13. Sascha O. Becker & Samuel Bentolila & Ana Fernandes & Andrea Ichino, 2004. "Job Insecurity And Children'S Emancipation," Working Papers wp2004_04, CEMFI.
  14. Agell, Jonas, 1998. "On the Benefits from Rigid Labour Markets: Norms, Market Failures, and Social Insurance," Working Paper Series 1998:17, Uppsala University, Department of Economics.
  15. Russell S. Sobel, 1999. "Theory and Evidence on the Political Economy of the Minimum Wage," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 107(4), pages 761-785, August.
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