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Labour Market Status, Transitions and Gender: a European Perspective

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  • Christine Erhel

    ()
    (CEE - Centre d'études de l'emploi - Ministère de l'Enseignement supérieur et Recherche - Ministère du Travail, de l'Emploi et de la Santé, CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - CNRS : UMR8174 - Université Paris I - Panthéon-Sorbonne)

  • Mathilde Guergoat-Larivière

    ()
    (CEE - Centre d'études de l'emploi - Ministère de l'Enseignement supérieur et Recherche - Ministère du Travail, de l'Emploi et de la Santé, CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - CNRS : UMR8174 - Université Paris I - Panthéon-Sorbonne)

Abstract

This article analyses the determinants of labour market statuses (the choice between part-time employment, full-time employment, and non-employment), and of yearly transitions between non-employment and employment, in Europe. It uses the cross-sectional 2006 EU-SILC database. The results show strong links between initial education level and full-time employment integration as well as the probability of finding a job when in non-employment to begin with. Gender and family variables also exert a strong influence on labour market statuses and mobility: being a woman, and even more so being the mother of a young child, increases the probability of being in non-employment, or in part-time employment, and also in experiencing difficult transitions. In terms of policies, the article shows that the use of childcare is positively correlated with parents' employment and favourable transitions. Finally, heterogeneity within the EU appears high, with significant country effects on both statuses and flows.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) with number hal-00616799.

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Date of creation: 2010
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Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:hal-00616799

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  1. Jérôme De Henau & Danièle Meulders & Sîle O'Dorchai, 2010. "Maybe baby: Comparing partnered women's employment and child policies in the EU - 15," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/169622, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  2. Steven J. Davis & R. Jason Faberman & John Haltiwanger, 2006. "The Flow Approach to Labor Markets: New Data Sources and Micro-Macro Links," NBER Working Papers 12167, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Julie Moschion, 2007. "Reconciling work and family life : the effect of French family policies," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers), HAL halshs-00203211, HAL.
  4. Christine Erhel & Iain Begg & Jorgen Mortensen, 2010. "Medium term employment challenges of the Lisbon strategy," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers), HAL hal-00616806, HAL.
  5. Siv S. Gustafsson & Shirley Dex & Cécile M. M. P. Wetzels & Jan Dirk Vlasblom, 1996. "Women`s labor force transitions in connection with childbirth: A panel data comparison between Germany, Sweden and Great Britain," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 9(3), pages 223-246.
  6. Lucie Davoine & Christine Erhel, 2006. "Monitoring Employment Quality in Europe: European Employment Strategy Indicators and Beyond," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers), HAL halshs-00272015, HAL.
  7. Danièle Meulders, 2002. "Feminist economics," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/7700, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  8. Eiko Kenjoh, 2005. "New Mothers' Employment and Public Policy in the UK, Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden, and Japan," LABOUR, CEIS, CEIS, vol. 19(s1), pages 5-49, December.
  9. Florence Jaumotte, 2003. "Labour Force Participation of Women: Empirical Evidence on The Role of Policy and Other Determinants in OECD Countries," OECD Economic Studies, OECD Publishing, OECD Publishing, vol. 2003(2), pages 51-108.
  10. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00203211 is not listed on IDEAS
  11. Ai, Chunrong & Norton, Edward C., 2003. "Interaction terms in logit and probit models," Economics Letters, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 80(1), pages 123-129, July.
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