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Entrepreneur et croissance économique : développements récents

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  • François Facchini

    ()
    (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - CNRS : UMR8174 - Université Paris I - Panthéon-Sorbonne, EDJ - Université de Reims - Champagne Ardenne)

Abstract

L'objet de cet article est de présenter l'importante littérature qui s'est développée à la frontière des sciences économiques et de gestion autour du rôle de l'entrepreneur dans la croissance économique et d'en discuter les conclusions. Le message de ces travaux est simple : sans entrepreneur, pas ou moins de croissance économique. La première section montre pourquoi l'entrepreneur est à l'origine de la croissance. Le cœur du processus de création de richesse est l'individu qui identifie un profit, c'est-à-dire un échange mutuellement avantageux. Ce profit peut être un profit d'innovation, d'arbitrage ou de spéculation. Dans tous les cas, c'est l'acte d'identification qui est porteur de croissance. La deuxième section montre que l'innovation est effectivement une cause importante de la croissance des pays développés mais qu'il ne faut pas généraliser ce modèle de croissance par le haut à l'ensemble des pays. L'imitation est aussi une source de croissance. La troisième section présente un certain nombre de travaux empiriques qui accréditent la plupart des propositions théoriques exposées dans les sections précédentes.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) with number hal-00270436.

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Date of creation: 2007
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Publication status: Published, Revue d'Economie Industrielle, 2007, 119, 55-84
Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:hal-00270436

Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00270436
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Keywords: entrepreneur; croissance économique; innovation; identification des profits;

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References

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  1. Leff, Nathaniel H, 1979. "Entrepreneurship and Economic Development: The Problem Revisited," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 17(1), pages 46-64, March.
  2. Mairesse ,Jacques & Mohnen,Pierre, 2001. "To Be Or Not To Be Innovative: An Exercise In Measurement," Research Memorandum, Maastricht University, Maastricht Economic Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT) 038, Maastricht University, Maastricht Economic Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
  3. Audretsch, David B. & Keilbach, Max C. & Lehmann, Erik E., 2006. "Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, number 9780195183511, October.
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  7. Paul M Romer, 1999. "Endogenous Technological Change," Levine's Working Paper Archive 2135, David K. Levine.
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  9. Kirzner, Israel M, 1999. " Creativity and/or Alertness: A Reconsideration of the Schumpeterian Entrepreneur," The Review of Austrian Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 11(1-2), pages 5-17.
  10. Hall, B. & Jaffe, A. & Trajtenberg, M., 2001. "The NBER Patent Citations Data File: Lessons, Insights and Methodological Tools," Papers, Tel Aviv 2001-29, Tel Aviv.
  11. Scherer, F M, 1992. "Schumpeter and Plausible Capitalism," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 30(3), pages 1416-33, September.
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  13. Héctor Salgado-Banda, 2005. "Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth: An Empirical Analysis," DEGIT Conference Papers, DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade c010_031, DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade.
  14. Kenneth Arrow, 1962. "Economic Welfare and the Allocation of Resources for Invention," NBER Chapters, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, in: The Rate and Direction of Inventive Activity: Economic and Social Factors, pages 609-626 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  15. Holcombe, Randall G, 1999. " Equilibrium versus the Invisible Hand," The Review of Austrian Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 12(2), pages 227-43, November.
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Cited by:
  1. Kodila-Tedika, Oasis, 2012. "Entrepreneurship and property right: de Soto'r right
    [Entrepreneuriat et droit de propriété : de Soto a raison]
    ," MPRA Paper 43464, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Marie-Estelle Binet & François Facchini, 2013. "Determinants of Entrepreneurship in French Regions: The Role of Spatial Heterogeneity," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen), Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS 201312, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.

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