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Le rendement des dépenses électorales en France

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  • Martial Foucault

    ()
    (European University Institute, RSCAS - Istituto Universitario Europeo, LAEP - LAboratoire d'Economie Publique - Université Paris I - Panthéon-Sorbonne)

  • Abel François

    ()
    (LAEP - LAboratoire d'Economie Publique - Université Paris I - Panthéon-Sorbonne)

Abstract

L'objet de cet article est de déterminer l'influence des dépenses de campagne sur les résultats électoraux en France. À partir d'une étude empirique fondée sur les élections législatives de 1997, nous montrons que les résultats électoraux français sont sensibles aux dépenses électorales engagées par les candidats. En effet, une fois pris en compte le biais d'endogénéité de la dépense du candidat sortant à l'aide de la méthode des doubles moindres carrés, nous montrons que les suffrages d'un député sortant sont positivement influencés par sa dépense, et négativement par la dépense des autres candidats. Ce résultat est à mettre en perspective de la nouvelle réglementation des campagnes électorales visant à réduire les barrières financières à l'entrée du marché politique. Enfin, ce résultat confirme les travaux empiriques menés aux États-Unis sur le rendement positif de l'argent dans le processus électoral.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) with number hal-00126910.

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Date of creation: 2005
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Publication status: Published, Revue Economique, 2005, 56, 1125-1143
Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:hal-00126910

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  1. W. Welch, 1981. "Money and votes: A simultaneous equation model," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 36(2), pages 209-234, January.
  2. K. Palda & Kristian Palda, 1985. "Ceilings on campaign spending: Hypothesis and partial test with Canadian data," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 45(3), pages 313-331, January.
  3. Banaian, King & Luksetich, William A, 1991. "Campaign Spending in Congressional Elections," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 29(1), pages 92-100, January.
  4. William Lott & P. Warner, 1974. "The relative importance of campaign expenditures: An application of production theory," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 8(1), pages 99-105, March.
  5. Nannestad, Peter & Paldam, Martin, 1994. " The VP-Function: A Survey of the Literature on Vote and Popularity Functions after 25 Years," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 79(3-4), pages 213-45, June.
  6. Morris Coats, R. & Dalton, Thomas R., 1992. "Entry barriers in politics and uncontested elections," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 75-90, October.
  7. Thomas Stratmann & Francisco J. & Aparicio-Castillo, 2006. "Competition policy for elections: Do campaign contribution limits matter?," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 127(1), pages 177-206, April.
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Cited by:
  1. Éric Dubois, 2007. "Les déterminants économiques du vote 1976-2006 : trente ans de fonctions de vote en France," Revue d'économie politique, Dalloz, vol. 0(2), pages 243-270.
  2. Christine Fauvelle-Aymar & Abel François, 2003. "Campagne électorale, préférences politiques et participation. Une étude empirique sur les élections législatives françaises de 1997," Cahiers de la Maison des Sciences Economiques j04009, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1).
  3. repec:hal:journl:hal-00339814 is not listed on IDEAS

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