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Specialization and Nonrenewable Resources: Ricardo Meets Ricardo

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  • Ujjayant Chakravorty

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Emory University)

  • Darrell Krulce

    (QUALLCOM, Inc., San Diego)

  • James Roumasset

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of Hawaii at Manoa)

Abstract

The one-demand Hotelling model fails to explain the observed specialization of nonrenewable resources. We develop a model with multiple demands and resources to show that specialization of resources according to demand is driven by Ricardian comparative advantage while the order of resource use over time is determined by Ricardian absolute advantage. An abundant resource with absolute advantage in all demands must be initially employed in all demands. When each resource has an absolute advantage in some demand, no resource may be used exclusively. The two-by-two model is characterized. Resource and demand-specific taxes are shown to have significant substitution effects.

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File URL: http://www.economics.hawaii.edu/research/workingpapers/WP_04-1.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 200401.

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Length: 52 pages
Date of creation: 2004
Date of revision:
Publication status: Forthcoming in the Journal of Economic Control and Dynamics
Handle: RePEc:hai:wpaper:200401

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Keywords: Dynamic comparative advantage; energy; non-renewable resources; multiple demands; Hotelling;

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References

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  1. Amigues, J-P & Favard, P.author-name: Gaudet, G. & Moreaux, M, 1996. "On the Optimal Order of Natural Resource Use When the Capacity of the Inexhaustible Substitute is Limited," Cahiers de recherche 9628, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
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  15. Jagdish Bhagwati & Arvind Panagariya & T. N. Srinivasan, 1998. "Lectures on International Trade, 2nd Edition," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262522470, December.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Lafforgue, Gilles & Magné, Bertrand & Moreaux, Michel, 2007. "Energy Substitutions, Climate Change and Carbon Sinks," IDEI Working Papers 427, Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse.
  2. GAUDET, Gérard & MOREAUX, Michel & WITHAGEN, Cees, 2005. "The Alberta Dilemma: Optimal Sharing of a Water Resource by an Agricultural and an Oil Sector," Cahiers de recherche 2005-18, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques.
  3. Roumasset, James A. & Wada, Christopher A., 2012. "Ordering the extraction of renewable resources: The case of multiple aquifers," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(1), pages 112-128.
  4. Roumasset James & Wada Christopher A, 2011. "Ordering Renewable Resources: Groundwater, Recycling, and Desalination," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 11(1), pages 1-29, May.
  5. Im, Eric Iksoon & Chakravorty, Ujjayant & Roumasset, James, 2006. "Discontinuous extraction of a nonrenewable resource," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 90(1), pages 6-11, January.
  6. James Roumasset & Christopher Wada, 2013. "Ordering Extraction from Multiple Aquifers," Working Papers 2013-12, University of Hawaii Economic Research Organization, University of Hawaii at Manoa.
  7. Pitafi, Basharat A.K. & Roumasset, James A., 2006. "Integrated management of multiple aquifers with subsurface flows and inter-district water transport," 2006 Annual meeting, July 23-26, Long Beach, CA 21473, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  8. James Roumasset & Christopher Wada, 2009. "Renewable Resource Management with Alternative Sources: the Case of Multiple Aquifers and a "Backstop" Resource," Working Papers 200913, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Economics.

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