Political Economy of Protecting Unique Recreational Resources: Hanauma Bay, Hawaii
AbstractThe impact of tourism growth on the environment has become an increasingly important public issue in travel destinations. We review Honolulu's recent experience in designing management strategies to protect one of its most popular, unique, and endangered natural recreational resources, Hanauma Bay Nature Park. We explain why Honolulu City Council members first adopted non-price rationing techniques to reduce visits at the park and later added an admission fee only to replace it with a lower and less efficiency-enhancing fee structure. Lawmakers desire (a) a quality environment, (b) to collect economic rents (i.e., achieve economic efficiency) for the benefit of the general public, and yet must (c) achieve a political equilibrium. As Honolulu's experience demonstrates, goals (a) and (b) often conflict with (c), yielding typically a second-best outcome. Efficiency can be attained only if it is also consistent with attaining political equilibrium.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 199708.
Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: 1997
Date of revision:
Other versions of this item:
- James Mak & James E.T. Moncur, 1996. "Political Economy of Protecting Unique Recreational Resources: Hanauma Bay, Hawai'i," Working Papers, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Economics 199606, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Economics.
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- Penn, Jerrod & Hu, Wuyang & Cox, Linda J. & Kozloff, Lara, 2012. "Beach Quality and Recreational Values: A Pictorialized Stated Preference Analysis of Residents and Tourists," 2012 Annual Meeting, February 4-7, 2012, Birmingham, Alabama, Southern Agricultural Economics Association 119813, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
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