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Interdependence in Multinational Production Networks

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  • Maggie X. Chen

    ()
    (Institute for International Economic Policy, George Washington University)

Abstract

Most multinational firms today operate multilateral production networks. Most existing emperical analyses, however, have focused on the choice between producing at home and investing overseaas and assumed firms' decisions to invest in foreign countries to be interdepedent of their locations in third countries. This paper uses detailed French multinational subsidiary level data to examine the effect of existing production networks on multinationals' entry decisions. The paper finds strong evidence of horizontal and vertical inderdependence across multinationals' foreign production locations, but little evidence of interdependence between home-country production and foreign investment when third-country effects are taken into account. This result constitutes a sharp contrast to the conventional emphasis, and highlights the importance of investigating the causes and effects of foreign direct investment in the context of multinational production networks.

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File URL: http://www.gwu.edu/~iiep/assets/docs/papers/Chen_IIEPWP2010-20.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The George Washington University, Institute for International Economic Policy in its series Working Papers with number 2010-20.

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Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2010
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in University Library of Munich, Germany 2009
Handle: RePEc:gwi:wpaper:2010-20

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Web page: http://www.gwu.edu/~iiep/
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Keywords: multinational firm; production network; interdependence; entry decision; trade costs; inpout-output linkage;

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References

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  1. Blonigen, Bruce A. & Davies, Ronald B. & Waddell, Glen R. & Naughton, Helen T., 2007. "FDI in space: Spatial autoregressive relationships in foreign direct investment," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 51(5), pages 1303-1325, July.
  2. Badi H. Baltagi & Peter Egger & Michael Pfaffermayr, 2005. "Estimating Models of Complex FDI: Are There Third-Country Effects?," Center for Policy Research Working Papers 73, Center for Policy Research, Maxwell School, Syracuse University.
  3. Puga, Diego & Venables, Anthony J., 1997. "Preferential trading arrangements and industrial location," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(3-4), pages 347-368, November.
  4. Stephen Ross Yeaple, 2003. "The Role of Skill Endowments in the Structure of U.S. Outward Foreign Direct Investment," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 85(3), pages 726-734, August.
  5. Massimo Motta & George Norman, 1993. "Does economic integration cause foreign direct investment?," Economics Working Papers 28, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  6. Venables, Anthony J., 1993. "Equilibrium Locations of Vertically Linked Industries," CEPR Discussion Papers 802, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  7. Markusen, James R., 1984. "Multinationals, multi-plant economies, and the gains from trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(3-4), pages 205-226, May.
  8. Gordon H. Hanson & Raymond J. Mataloni & Matthew J. Slaughter, 2003. "Vertical Production Networks in Multinational Firms," NBER Working Papers 9723, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. David L. Carr & James R. Markusen & Keith E. Maskus, 1998. "Estimating the Knowledge-Capital Model of the Multinational Enterprise," NBER Working Papers 6773, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. James R. Markusen & Anthony J. Venables, 1996. "The Theory of Endowment, Intra-Industry, and Multinational Trade," NBER Working Papers 5529, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Krugman, Paul & Venables, Anthony J., 1996. "Integration, specialization, and adjustment," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 40(3-5), pages 959-967, April.
  12. Laura Alfaro & Andrew Charlton, 2009. "Intra-industry Foreign Direct Investment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 99(5), pages 2096-2119, December.
  13. Ekholm, Karolina & Forslid, Rikard & Markusen, James R., 2003. "Export-Platform Foreign Direct Investment," CEPR Discussion Papers 3823, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  14. Bruce Blonigen, 2005. "A Review of the Empirical Literature on FDI Determinants," Atlantic Economic Journal, International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 33(4), pages 383-403, December.
  15. Maggie X. Chen, 2008. "Regional Economic Integration and Geographic Concentration of Multinational Firms," Working Papers 2009-07, The George Washington University, Institute for International Economic Policy.
  16. Keith Head & Thierry Mayer, 2004. "Market Potential and the Location of Japanese Investment in the European Union," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 86(4), pages 959-972, November.
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Cited by:
  1. Debaere, Peter & Lee, Hongshik & Lee, Joonhyung, 2013. "Language, ethnicity and intrafirm trade," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 103(C), pages 244-253.

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