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How do SMEs to rise at the top of the supply chain? An econometric exploration of the French auto industry (In French)

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  • Vincent FRIGANT (GREThA, CNRS, UMR 5113)
  • Stéphanie PERES (Bordeaux Sciences Agro, INRA, ISVV, USC 1320 GAIA)
  • Stéphane VIROL (GREThA, CNRS, UMR 5113)

Abstract

The modular revolution has transformed the industrial architecture of the automotive supply chain. Now it is conventional to describe it as a narrow pyramid where only mega-suppliers have access to manufacturers. However, some authors show that SME still manage to reach the summit of a pyramid which is less narrow and closed that it is usually presented. In this way, this article proposes a theoretical interpretation of the reasons for SMEs to access the supply pyramid forefront. We defend the thesis that E. Penrose interstices appear in the automotive industry. So SMEs are able to interfere at the highest level of the pyramid and, in future, it is likely to renew. In a second step, we clarify using an ordered probability model what are the characteristics of SMEs according to their rank in the pyramid. We use an unique database. This work allows us to identify the main determinants of the SMEs position in the supply chain.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée in its series Cahiers du GREThA with number 2012-16.

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Date of creation: 2012
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Handle: RePEc:grt:wpegrt:2012-16

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Keywords: SME; Supply chain; Interstices; Penrose; Automobile;

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References

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  1. Griliches, Zvi, 1990. "Patent Statistics as Economic Indicators: A Survey," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 28(4), pages 1661-1707, December.
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  3. François Fourcade & Christophe Midler, 2005. "The role of 1st tier suppliers in automobile product modularisation: the search for a coherent strategy," Post-Print hal-00262872, HAL.
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  7. Lyra J. Colfer & Carliss Y. Baldwin, 2010. "The Mirroring Hypothesis: Theory, Evidence and Exceptions," Harvard Business School Working Papers 10-058, Harvard Business School, revised Jun 2010.
  8. Vincent Frigant & Damien Talbot, 2005. "Technological Determinism and Modularity: Lessons from a Comparison between Aircraft and Auto Industries in Europe," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(3), pages 337-355.
  9. Langlois, Richard N., 2002. "Modularity in technology and organization," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 19-37, September.
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  12. Vincent FRIGANT (GREThA, CNRS, UMR 5113), 2011. "Egyptian pyramid or Aztec pyramid: How should we describe the industrial architecture of automotive supply chains in Europe?," Cahiers du GREThA 2011-27, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
  13. Maris CORIS (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113) & Vincent FRIGANT (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113) & Jean-Bernard LAYAN (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113) & Damien TALBOT (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113), 2009. "Spatial dynamics of firms (In French)," Cahiers du GREThA 2009-20, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
  14. Peter Nolan & Jin Zhang & Chunhang Liu, 2008. "The global business revolution, the cascade effect, and the challenge for firms from developing countries," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 32(1), pages 29-47, January.
  15. Vincent Frigant, 2005. "Vanishing hand versus Systems integrators - Une revue de la littérature sur l'impact organisationnel de la modularité," Revue d'Économie Industrielle, Programme National Persée, vol. 109(1), pages 29-52.
  16. Ulrich, Karl, 1995. "The role of product architecture in the manufacturing firm," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 24(3), pages 419-440, May.
  17. Brusoni, Stefano & Prencipe, Andrea, 2001. "Unpacking the Black Box of Modularity: Technologies, Products and Organizations," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 10(1), pages 179-205, March.
  18. Carliss Y. Baldwin & Kim B. Clark, 2000. "Design Rules, Volume 1: The Power of Modularity," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262024667, December.
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