Green protectionism: the case of textile-clothing sector (In French)
AbstractThis paper analyses the evolution of the textile-clothing sector in Europe. This industry is characterised by China\'s accession to the WTO in 2001 and the dismantling of quotas with the end of the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing on 1 January 2005. Since the 90\'s, the European directives on environmental standards and ecolabels have been increased in this industry. Our methodology is based on Factorial Analysis of Correspondence and a Hierarchical Ascendant Classification, to demonstrate the role of environmental standards in the structuring of clothing imported products. A gravity model is used to examine the negative effect of eco-labels on European imports from developing countries which are penalized by the costs of compliance of their products. The success of the spread of eco-labels is that they are an instrument of trade protection. While it is difficult to isolate the impact of environmental standards on trade. Nevertheless, our results confirm their strategic use in the Textile-clothing sector.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée in its series Cahiers du GREThA with number 2010-10.
Date of creation: 2010
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More information through EDIRC
Ecolabel; Textile-Clothing; Green protectionism; Factorial analysis of correspondence; \r\nHierarchical Ascendant Classification; Gravity model;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
- L51 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Economics of Regulation
- L67 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Other Consumer Nondurables
- Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
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