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Lange's 1938 Model: Dynamics and the "Optimum propensity to consume"

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Author Info

  • Michaël Assous

    (GREDEG CNRS
    University of Paris 1)

  • Roberto Lampa

    (CONICET (National Scientific and Technical Research Council)
    University of Buenos Aires, Argentina)

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    Abstract

    Oskar Lange’s 1938 article “The Rate of Interest and the Optimum Propensity to Consume”, is usually associated with the original IS-LM approach of the late 1930s. However, Lange’s article was not only an attempt to illuminate Keynes’s main innovations but the first part of a wide project that included the development of a theory of economic evolution. This paper aims at showing that Lange’s article can help illuminating critical aspects of this project: in particular, Lange’s idea that a synthesis between Kaldor’s and Kalecki’s theories and that of Schumpeter, might have been possible and that it represented (in intentions) a “modern” and consistent reconstruction of the Marxist theory of the business cycle. Section 1 clarifies Lange’s early reflection on dynamics. Section 2 centers on Lange’s 1938 static model and indicates the effects of a change of saving on investment. Section 3 suggests a dynamic reconstruction from which are addressed important arguments raised by Lange in a series of papers written between 1934 and 1942.

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    File URL: http://www.gredeg.cnrs.fr/working-papers/GREDEG-WP-2014-02.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Groupe de REcherche en Droit, Economie, Gestion (GREDEG CNRS), University of Nice Sophia Antipolis in its series GREDEG Working Papers with number 2014-02.

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    Length: 36 pages
    Date of creation: Jan 2014
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:gre:wpaper:2014-02

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    Related research

    Keywords: Lange; Kalecki; Marxian theory of the business cycle; marginal propensity to save; non-linearity;

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    1. Mauro Boianovsky, 2003. "The IS-LM Model and the Liquidity Trap Concept: from Hicks to Krugman," Anais do XXXI Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 31th Brazilian Economics Meeting] a13, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
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