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In Search of The Holy Grail: How to Achieve Pro-Poor Growth ?

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Abstract

Pro Poor Growth has become a central concern to achieve sustainable poverty reduction in developing countries. Despite being widely used, the term is not well-defined nor has there been a clear policy document that would summarize the determinants and policy implications of pro poor growth. This paper seeks to fill this void by first proposing a definition of pro poor growth, then summarizing the linkages between inequality, poverty, and pro poor growth, before proceeding to analyze the micro and sectoral determinants of pro poor growth. The final section spells out the recently emerging consensus on policy implications for pro poor growth, with particular emphasis on policy issues in Sub Saharan Africa and points to remaining disagreements and areas for further research. The paper emphasizes the particular importance of inequalityreducing policies for pro poor growth as well as the need to further analyze the scope of activist state policies to deliver a pro poor agenda.

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File URL: http://wwwuser.gwdg.de/~fjohann/paper/DB96.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Ibero-America Institute for Economic Research in its series Ibero America Institute for Econ. Research (IAI) Discussion Papers with number 096.

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Length: 36
Date of creation: 01 Oct 2003
Date of revision:
Publication status: Forthcoming: in Tungodden, B. and N. Stern (editors). 2003. Towards Pro Poor Policies. Proceedings from the Annual Bank Conference on Development Economics-Europe. Washington DC: The World Bank.
Handle: RePEc:got:iaidps:096

Note: This paper is a revised version of a paper commissioned by Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) for the \"Growth and Equity\" Task Team of the Strategic Partnership with Africa (SPA). I would like to thank Helmut Asche, Ulrike Maenner, Renate Kirsch, Jenny Klugman, John Page, Bertil Tungodden, two anonymous referees, and participants at a workshop at the GTZ, the World Bank, Harvard’s Center for Population and Development Studies, and the World Bank’s ABCDE Europe Conference in Oslo, and the World Bank’s Pro Poor Growth workshop in South Africa for helpful comments and discussions on earlier versions of this paper and François Bourgignon and Martin Ravallion for helpful discussions. The views expressed here are those of the author and do not necessarily represent those of the GTZ.
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Keywords: Pro Poor Growth; Inequality; Sub Saharan Africa; Sectoral and regional policies;

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References

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  1. Bardhan, Kalpana & Klasen, Stephan, 1999. "UNDP's Gender-Related Indices: A Critical Review," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 27(6), pages 985-1010, June.
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  3. Bruno, Michael & Ravallion, Martin & Squire, Lyn, 1996. "Equity and growth in developing countries : old and new perspectives on the policy issues," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1563, The World Bank.
  4. Jyotsna Jalan & Martin Ravallion, 1998. "Geographic Poverty Traps?," Boston University - Institute for Economic Development 86, Boston University, Institute for Economic Development.
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  13. Klasen, Stephan, 2000. "Measuring Poverty and Deprivation in South Africa," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 46(1), pages 33-58, March.
  14. Abhijit Banerjee, 1999. "Land Reforms: Prospects and Strategies," Working papers 99-24, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  15. Zimmerman, Frederick J., 2000. "Barriers to Participation of the Poor in South Africa's Land Redistribution," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 28(8), pages 1439-1460, August.
  16. Ravallion, Martin & Chen, Shaohua, 2003. "Measuring pro-poor growth," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 78(1), pages 93-99, January.
  17. Mattias Lundberg & Lyn Squire, 2003. "The simultaneous evolution of growth and inequality," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 113(487), pages 326-344, 04.
  18. Ravallion, Martin & Datt, Gaurav, 1996. "How Important to India's Poor Is the Sectoral Composition of Economic Growth?," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 10(1), pages 1-25, January.
  19. Deininger, Klaus & Squire, Lyn, 1998. "New ways of looking at old issues: inequality and growth," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(2), pages 259-287.
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