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Why Has the Border Effect in the Japanese Market Declined?

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Abstract

This paper analyzes the causes of the decline in Japan’s border effect by estimating gravity equations for Japan’s international and interregional trade in four machinery industries (electrical, general, precision, and transportation machinery). In the estimation, we explicitly take account of firms’ networks. We find that ownership relations usually enhance trade between two regions (countries), and also find that we can explain 35% of the decline in Japan’s border effect from 1980 to 1995 in the electrical machinery industry by the increase of international networks. JEL Classification numbers: F14; F17; F21; L14.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Economics Section, The Graduate Institute of International Studies in its series IHEID Working Papers with number 12-2004.

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Length: 28
Date of creation: Dec 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:gii:giihei:heiwp12-2004

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Keywords: Gravity Model; Border Effect; Networks.;

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  1. repec:rus:hseeco:122439 is not listed on IDEAS
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