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Social development – a multidimensional approach to social development analysis. Country level evidence

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  • Ewa Lechman

Abstract

The study investigates disparities in social development in 144 countries worldwide. In the paper we aim to investigate cross-country differences in social development level in year 2011, as well as to estimate inequalities on the field. Secondly, we assess relative social development level differences – gaps (divides) among countries. For the analysis purposes, we apply: descriptive statistics analysis, Kernel Epanechnikov density (to check for world distribution of social welfare), inequality measure – Gini coefficient and square Euclidean distance (full linkages) method. The analysis sample encompasses 144 countries, and we mainly collect statistical data for the year 2011 (if available). The data applied in the study are derived from databases like: United Nations Millennium Development Goals Database; United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division; United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization; World Health Organization; International Human Development Indicators

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File URL: ftp://ftp.zie.pg.gda.pl/RePEc/gdk/wpaper/WP_GUTFME_A_2_Lechman.pdf
File Function: First version, 2013
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Faculty of Management and Economics, Gdansk University of Technology in its series GUT FME Working Paper Series A with number 2.

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Date of creation: Mar 2013
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Handle: RePEc:gdk:wpaper:2

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Keywords: social development; living standards; inequalities; Kernel distribution;

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  1. Meier, Gearld & Rauch, James E., 2005. "Leading Issues in Economic Development," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, edition 8, number 9780195179606.
  2. Fielding, David, 2002. "Health and Wealth: A Structural Model of Social and Economic Development," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 6(3), pages 393-414, October.
  3. Goldfarb, Avi & Prince, Jeff, 2008. "Internet adoption and usage patterns are different: Implications for the digital divide," Information Economics and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 2-15, March.
  4. Dowrick, Steve & Dunlop, Yvonne & Quiggin, John, 2003. "Social indicators and comparisons of living standards," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(2), pages 501-529, April.
  5. Ranis, G. & Ramirez, A. & Stewart, F., 1997. "Economic Growth and Human Development," Papers 787, Yale - Economic Growth Center.
  6. Grasso, Marco & Canova, Luciano, 2007. "An assessment of the quality of life in the European Union based on the social indicators approach," MPRA Paper 1785, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Maurseth, Per Botolf, 2001. "Convergence, geography and technology," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 247-276, September.
  8. Ann Owen & Julio Videras & Lewis Davis, 2009. "Do all countries follow the same growth process?," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 14(4), pages 265-286, December.
  9. Sung Jin Kang, 2002. "Relative backwardness and technology catching up with scale effects," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 12(4), pages 425-441.
  10. Redding, Stephen J & Schott, Peter, 2003. "Distance, Skill Deepening and Development: Will Peripheral Countries Ever Get Rich?," CEPR Discussion Papers 3739, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  11. Erik Cohen, 2000. "Multi-Dimensional Analysis of International Social Indicators – Education, Economy, Media and Demography," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 50(1), pages 83-106, April.
  12. Esko Kalimo, 2005. "Oecd Social Indicators for 2001: a Critical Appraisal," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 70(2), pages 185-229, 01.
  13. Baumol, William J, 1986. "Productivity Growth, Convergence, and Welfare: What the Long-run Data Show," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(5), pages 1072-85, December.
  14. Gustav Ranis & Frances Stewart, 2005. "Dynamic Links between the Economy and Human Development," Working Papers 8, United Nations, Department of Economics and Social Affairs.
  15. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1988. "On the mechanics of economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 3-42, July.
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