Flexibility in the implementation of intellectual property rights in agricultural biotechnology
AbstractIn this paper I discuss the fact that economists define optimal IP rights as a continuum of options in three dimensions: height, breadth and length. At the operational level we see the impossibility of multiplying rights indefinitely (due to prohibitive transaction costs), as well as the use of a limited number of IP tools which have led to the implementation of flexibilities. These flexibilities are designed to limit certain perverse effects of rights ill-adjusted to the characteristics of some economic sectors (agricultural biotechnologies, pharmacy, etc.). In this context, I analyse how these flexibilities are implemented in TRIPS and TRIPS+ agreements and I study the consequences for Developing Countries.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Grenoble Applied Economics Laboratory (GAEL) in its series Working Papers with number 200708.
Date of creation: 2007
Date of revision:
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TRIPS; INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS; PATENT; AGRICULTURE; INNOVATION;
Other versions of this item:
- Michel Trommetter, 2010. "Flexibility in the implementation of intellectual property rights in agricultural biotechnology," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 30(3), pages 223-245, December.
- K11 - Law and Economics - - Basic Areas of Law - - - Property Law
- O31 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
- L65 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Chemicals; Rubber; Drugs; Biotechnology
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AGR-2007-10-06 (Agricultural Economics)
- NEP-ALL-2007-10-06 (All new papers)
- NEP-ENV-2007-10-06 (Environmental Economics)
- NEP-INO-2007-10-06 (Innovation)
- NEP-IPR-2007-10-06 (Intellectual Property Rights)
- NEP-LAW-2007-10-06 (Law & Economics)
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