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Costos de transacción en la agricultura peruana: una primera aproximación a su medición e impacto

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Abstract

El objetivo de esta investigación es evaluar empíricamente los factores que determinan las estrategias de vinculación al mercado de los productores agrarios en el Perú. Asimismo, estudia el papel de los costos de transacción en el comportamiento de los hogares rurales. Además, la investigación plantea e implementa una propuesta metodológica para cuantificar los costos de transacción. Los resultados muestran que los costos de transacción en el área bajo estudio (los distritos de Pazos y Huaribamba, en Tayacaja, Huancavelica) equivalen a 50 % del valor de venta y son apreciablemente más altos (60 %) para los productores conectados al mercado a través de caminos de herradura que para aquellos vinculados al mercado a través de caminos carrozables, confirmando la importancia de la inversión en infraestructura de caminos rurales. Se confirma también que los costos de transacción son bastante mayores para los pequeños que para los grandes productores (67 % frente a 32 % del valor de venta). Los resultados muestran que no sólo la distancia o el tiempo al mercado son variables cruciales para explicar la estrategia de vinculación al mercado (esto es, cuánto vender y a qué mercado), sino también diversos indicadores como la experiencia del productor en el mercado donde opera, la estabilidad de sus relaciones con los agentes con que comercia y los recursos que invierte en obtener información relevante y en supervisar el cumplimiento de los contratos implícitos asociados a las transacciones realizadas.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE) in its series Documentos de Investigación with number dt30.

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Length: 54 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2001
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:gad:doctra:dt30

Note: Documento de Trabajo, 30
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Keywords: Agricultura; Costos de transacción; Comercio agrícola; Agriculture; Transaction costs; Agricultural trade; Peru;

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  1. Nancy E. Wallace, 1996. "Hedonic-based price indexes for housing: theory, estimation, and index construction," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, pages 34-48.
  2. Michael Hubbard, 1997. "The 'New Institutional Economics' In Agricultural Development: Insights And Challenges," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 48(1-3), pages 239-249.
  3. Mitra, Pradeep K., 1983. "A theory of interlinked rural transactions," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 167-191, March.
  4. Christopher B. Barrett, 1996. "Market Analysis Methods: Are Our Enriched Toolkits Well Suited to Enlivened Markets?," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 78(3), pages 825-829.
  5. Rosen, Sherwin, 1974. "Hedonic Prices and Implicit Markets: Product Differentiation in Pure Competition," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 82(1), pages 34-55, Jan.-Feb..
  6. Hempenius, A.L., 1994. "Fixed transaction costs and modelling limited dependent variables," Research Memorandum 677, Tilburg University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
  7. King, Ronald R., 1994. "An experimental investigation of transaction costs," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 25(3), pages 391-409, December.
  8. Nagarajan, Geetha & Meyer, Richard L. & Hushak, Leroy J., 1995. "Segmentation in the informal credit markets: the case of the Philippines," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 12(2), pages 171-181, August.
  9. Spiller, Pablo T. & Wood, Robert O., 1988. "The estimation of transaction costs in arbitrage models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 39(3), pages 309-326, November.
  10. Javier Escobal, 1994. "Comercialización agrícola en el Perú," Libros, Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE), number 1994, November.
  11. de Janvry, Alain & Fafchamps, Marcel & Sadoulet, Elisabeth, 1991. "Peasant Household Behaviour with Missing Markets: Some Paradoxes Explained," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 101(409), pages 1400-417, November.
  12. Marcel Fafchamps, . "Market Emergence, Trust and Reputation," Working Papers 96016, Stanford University, Department of Economics.
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