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Las aglomeraciones productivas alrededor de la minería: el caso de la minera Yanacocha S.A

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Abstract

El presente es un estudio de caso de la aglomeración productiva generada a raíz de la puesta en marcha del proyecto minero Yanacocha ubicado en Cajamarca. El concepto de aglomeración o cluster industrial se basa sobre el supuesto de que las distintas actividades económicas no se desarrollan aisladamente, sino que, por el contrario, el crecimiento de una de ellas impulsa el de actividades conexas. El análisis del cluster articulado alrededor de la empresa Minera Yanacocha S.A, revela que, debido a una serie de cuellos de botella en los ámbitos tecnológico e institucional de Cajamarca, la transmisión de crecimiento económico generado por esta empresa hacia otros agentes locales es aún limitado. Minera Yanacocha S.A. mantiene escasas relaciones productivas y comerciales con los agentes cajamarquinos, mientras que establece una mayor articulación con agentes productivos e institucionales limeños y con instituciones públicas y gremiales, de la capital. Aún cuando las relaciones productivas se dan principalmente con empresas limeñas, la debilidad tecnológica de las mismas las limita a un rol comercializador. Sin embargo, las empresas cajamarquinas tienen una ventaja competitiva en la provisión de servicios no intensivos en conocimiento. Estos resultados resaltan la necesidad de políticas públicas que, por un lado, mejoren la infraestructura productiva y tecnológica cajamarquina, así como que coadyuven a elevar la capacidad de absorción tecnológica de las empresas de la zona; y por otro lado, que induzcan el establecimiento de productores nacionales de bienes, insumos y equipos mineros.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE) in its series Documentos de Investigación with number dt27.

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Length: 75 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2000
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:gad:doctra:dt27

Note: Documento de Trabajo, 27
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Related research

Keywords: Mineria; Estructura industrial; Economia regional; Politica industrial; Mining; Industrial structure; Regional economy; Industrial policy; Peru;

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References

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  1. Tendler, Judith & Amorim, Monica Alves, 1996. "Small firms and their helpers: Lessons on demand," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 24(3), pages 407-426, March.
  2. Tibor Scitovsky, 1954. "Two Concepts of External Economies," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 62, pages 143.
  3. Cawthorne, Pamela M., 1995. "Of networks and markets: The rise and rise of a South Indian town, the example of Tiruppur's cotton knitwear industry," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 43-56, January.
  4. Schmitz, Hubert, 1995. "Small shoemakers and fordist giants: Tale of a supercluster," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 9-28, January.
  5. Humphrey, John, 1995. "Industrial reorganization in developing countries: From models to trajectories," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 149-162, January.
  6. Rabellotti, Roberta, 1995. "Is there an "industrial district model"? Footwear districts in Italy and Mexico compared," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 29-41, January.
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Cited by:
  1. Rosemary Thorp and Graciela Zevallos, . "The Economic Policies Of The Fujimori Years: A Return To The Past?," QEH Working Papers qehwps83, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.
  2. Elisa Ticci & Javier Escobal, 2012. "Exctractive Industries and Local Development in the Peruvian Highlands," Working Papers - Economics wp2012_22.rdf, Universita' degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento di Scienze per l'Economia e l'Impresa.
  3. Aragon, Fernando & Rud, Juan, 2009. "The Blessing of Natural Resources: Evidence from a Peruvian Gold Mine," Working Papers 2009-014, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.

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