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Fatores de Oferta e Demanda na Qualificação dos Trabalhadores Brasileiros

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  • Rafael Camargo de Pauli

    ()

  • Luciano Nakabashi

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Universidade Federal do Paraná)

  • Armando Vaz Sampaio

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Universidade Federal do Paraná)

Abstract

In the present article, we attempt to identify the sources of the changes in the labor schooling level in the three main sectors of the Brazilian economy: manufacturing, services and agriculture; based on the theoretical perspective of the three sectors hypothesis. It was verified that, despite the changes in the product and employment among sectors, mainly in the 90s, the relative demands for qualified workers has not experimented significant changes. Moreover, in the periods in which schooling has increased more, the workers’ wage has decreased more. This fact suggests that the increase in labor qualification was mainly due to the increase of this factor supply. The structural changes had contributed, in general, in a marginal and negative way to labor force level of qualification demand in all the three sectors.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Universidade Federal do Paraná, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 0100.

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Length: 24 pages
Date of creation: 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:fup:wpaper:0100

Note: Creation Date corresponds to the year in which the paper was published on the Department of Economics website. The paper may have been written a small number of months before its publication date.
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Related research

Keywords: labor schooling; structural changes; demand for qualified labor; supply of qualified labor.;

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  1. Kuznets, Simon, 1971. "Modern Economic Growth: Findings and Reflections," Nobel Prize in Economics documents 1971-2, Nobel Prize Committee.
  2. Kongsamut, Piyabha & Rebelo, Sergio & Xie, Danyang, 2001. "Beyond Balanced Growth," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 68(4), pages 869-82, October.
  3. Schettkat, Ronald & Yocarini, Lara, 2003. "The Shift to Services: A Review of the Literature," IZA Discussion Papers 964, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Jan Fagerberg, 2000. "Technological Progress, Structural Change and Productivity Growth: A Comparative Study," Working Papers 5, Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo.
  5. Sasaki, Hiroaki, 2007. "The rise of service employment and its impact on aggregate productivity growth," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 18(4), pages 438-459, December.
  6. Allan G. B. Fisher, 1939. "Production, Primary, Secondary And Tertiary," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 15(1), pages 24-38, 06.
  7. Marcio José Vargas da Cruz & Gabriel Porcile & Luciano Nakabashi & Fábio Dória Scatolin, 2008. "Structural Change and the Service Sector in Brazil," Working Papers 0075, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Department of Economics.
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