The Pharmaceutical Industry in India and Hungary. Policies, Institutions, and Technological Development
AbstractThe pharmaceutical industry is unique because of a close connection between knowledge and final product. As the quintessential science-based industry, pharmaceuticals depend heavily on high level manpower and substantial R&D for innovation. Because these requirements are costly, the industry is dominated by a small number of companies in a handful of industrialized countries. In Hungary and India, however, science0intensity was an opportunity rather than a barrier to entry.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by World Bank - Technical Papers in its series Papers with number 392.
Length: 46 pages
Date of creation: 1997
Date of revision:
INDIA ; HUNGARY ; PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY ; INNOVATIONS;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- O31 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
- O32 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
- L65 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Chemicals; Rubber; Drugs; Biotechnology
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- Ramesh Govindaraj & Gnanaraj Chellaraj, 2002. "The Indian Pharmaceutical Sector : Issues and Options for Health Sector Reform," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 15231, October.
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