Energy Use, Air Pollution, and Environmental Policy in Krakow. Can Economic Incentives Really Help
AbstractThis paper examines the impacts of alternative policy instruments on certain aspects of local air pollution in the Krakow region of Poland, in terms of sulfur dioxide and particulate emissions, energy use, the ressource cost of pollutioncontrol, and governemnet revenues. Pollution by oxides on nitrogen, which is mainly caused by the transport sector, has not been included in this study. The report concludes that although economic restructuring alone can be expected to improve air quality, at least for a while, strictly enforced command and control should lead to further improvements; that clear cost savings can be acheived trough incentive based instruments; that a tax on a single fuel, such as coal, is not sufficientlybroadly based to be an effective policy instrumentfor pollution control.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by World Bank - Technical Papers in its series Papers with number 308.
Length: 67 pages
Date of creation: 1995
Date of revision:
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- Q20 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - General
- Q21 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Demand and Supply; Prices
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- Blackman, Allen & Harrington, Winston, 1998. "Using Alternative Regulatory Instruments to Control Fixed Point Air Pollution in Developing Countries: Lessons from International Experience," Discussion Papers dp-98-21, Resources For the Future.
- Blackman, Allen & Harrington, Winston, 1999. "The Use of Economic Incentives in Developing Countries: Lessons from International Experience with Industrial Air Pollution," Discussion Papers dp-99-39, Resources For the Future.
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