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Efficient Trading Strategies in the Presence of Market Frictions

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  • Elyès Jouini
  • Hédi Kallal

Abstract

In this paper we provide a price characterization of efficient consumption bundles in multiperiod economies with market frictions. Efficient consumption bundles are those that are chosen by at least one rational agent with monotonic state-independent and risk-averse preferences and a given future endowment. Frictions include dynamic market incompleteness, proportional transaction costs, short selling costs, borrowing costs, taxes, and others. We characterize the inefficiency cost of a trading strategy -the difference between the investment it requires and the largest amount required by any rational agent to obtain the same utility level - and we propose a measure of portfolio performance based on it. We also show that the arbitrage bounds on a contingent claim to consumption cannot be tightened based on efficiency arguments without restricting preferences or endowments. We examine the efficiency of common investment strategies in economies with borrowing costs due to asymmetric information, short selling costs, or bid-ask spreads. We find that market frictions generally change and typically shrink the set of efficient investment strategies, shifting investors away from well-diversified strategies into low cost ones, and for large frictions into no trading at all. Hence we observe strategies that become inefficient with market frictions, as well as strategies that are rationalized by market frictions.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business- in its series New York University, Leonard N. Stern School Finance Department Working Paper Seires with number 99-035.

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Date of creation: Sep 1999
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Handle: RePEc:fth:nystfi:99-035

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Postal: U.S.A.; New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics . 44 West 4th Street. New York, New York 10012-1126
Phone: (212) 998-0100
Web page: http://w4.stern.nyu.edu/finance/
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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Elyès Jouini & Abdelhamid Bizid, 2003. "Equilibrium Pricing in Incomplete Markets," Finance 0312004, EconWPA.
  2. Beare, Brendan K., 2011. "Measure preserving derivatives and the pricing kernel puzzle," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(6), pages 689-697.
  3. Borglin, Anders & Flåm, Sjur, 2007. "Rationalizing Constrained Contingent Claims," Working Papers 2007:12, Lund University, Department of Economics.
  4. Aloisio Araujo & Alain Chateauneuf & José Faro, 2012. "Pricing rules and Arrow–Debreu ambiguous valuation," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 49(1), pages 1-35, January.
  5. Au, Andrea S. & Doukas, John A. & Onayev, Zhan, 2009. "Daily short interest, idiosyncratic risk, and stock returns," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 290-316, May.
  6. repec:hal:wpaper:hal-00661903 is not listed on IDEAS
  7. Enrico De Giorgi, . "Reward-Risk Portfolio Selection and Stochastic Dominance," IEW - Working Papers 121, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich.
  8. Alejandro Balbas & Anna Downarowicz, 2004. "Infinitely many securities and the fundamental theorem of asset pricing," Business Economics Working Papers wb043513, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Economía de la Empresa.
  9. Baccara, Mariagiovanna & Battauz, Anna & Ortu, Fulvio, 2006. "Effective securities in arbitrage-free markets with bid-ask spreads at liquidation: a linear programming characterization," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 55-79, January.
  10. Marc Rieger, 2011. "Co-monotonicity of optimal investments and the design of structured financial products," Finance and Stochastics, Springer, vol. 15(1), pages 27-55, January.
  11. Kuersten, Wolfgang & Linde, Rainer, 2011. "Corporate hedging versus risk-shifting in financially constrained firms: The time-horizon matters!," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 502-525, June.
  12. Bruno Bouchard & Elyès Jouini, 2010. "Transaction Costs in Financial Models," Post-Print halshs-00703138, HAL.

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