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Efficient Trading Strategies in the Presence of Market Frictions

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  • Elyès Jouini
  • Hédi Kallal

Abstract

In this paper we provide a price characterization of efficient consumption bundles in multiperiod economies with market frictions. Efficient consumption bundles are those that are chosen by at least one rational agent with monotonic state-independent and risk-averse preferences and a given future endowment. Frictions include dynamic market incompleteness, proportional transaction costs, short selling costs, borrowing costs, taxes, and others. We characterize the inefficiency cost of a trading strategy -the difference between the investment it requires and the largest amount required by any rational agent to obtain the same utility level - and we propose a measure of portfolio performance based on it. We also show that the arbitrage bounds on a contingent claim to consumption cannot be tightened based on efficiency arguments without restricting preferences or endowments. We examine the efficiency of common investment strategies in economies with borrowing costs due to asymmetric information, short selling costs, or bid-ask spreads. We find that market frictions generally change and typically shrink the set of efficient investment strategies, shifting investors away from well-diversified strategies into low cost ones, and for large frictions into no trading at all. Hence we observe strategies that become inefficient with market frictions, as well as strategies that are rationalized by market frictions.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business- in its series New York University, Leonard N. Stern School Finance Department Working Paper Seires with number 99-035.

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Date of creation: Sep 1999
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Handle: RePEc:fth:nystfi:99-035

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Postal: U.S.A.; New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics . 44 West 4th Street. New York, New York 10012-1126
Phone: (212) 998-0100
Web page: http://w4.stern.nyu.edu/finance/
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  1. Blume, Lawrence & Brandenburger, Adam & Dekel, Eddie, 1991. "Lexicographic Probabilities and Equilibrium Refinements," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 59(1), pages 81-98, January.
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  3. Tuckman, Bruce & Vila, Jean-Luc, 1992. " Arbitrage with Holding Costs: A Utility-Based Approach," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 47(4), pages 1283-302, September.
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  8. Hua He and Neil D. Pearson., 1989. "Consumption and Portfolio Policies with Incomplete Markets and Short-Sale Constraints: The Finite Dimensional Case," Research Program in Finance Working Papers RPF-189, University of California at Berkeley.
  9. Elyès Jouini & Hédi Kallal, 1999. "Viability and Equilibrium in Securities Markets with Frictions," New York University, Leonard N. Stern School Finance Department Working Paper Seires 99-036, New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business-.
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Cited by:
  1. Abdelhamid Bizid & Elyès Jouini, 2005. "Equilibrium Pricing in Incomplete Markets," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00176484, HAL.
  2. Baccara, Mariagiovanna & Battauz, Anna & Ortu, Fulvio, 2006. "Effective securities in arbitrage-free markets with bid-ask spreads at liquidation: a linear programming characterization," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 55-79, January.
  3. Aloisio Araujo & Alain Chateauneuf & José Faro, 2012. "Pricing rules and Arrow–Debreu ambiguous valuation," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 49(1), pages 1-35, January.
  4. Alejandro Balbas & Anna Downarowicz, 2004. "Infinitely many securities and the fundamental theorem of asset pricing," Business Economics Working Papers wb043513, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Economía de la Empresa.
  5. Kuersten, Wolfgang & Linde, Rainer, 2011. "Corporate hedging versus risk-shifting in financially constrained firms: The time-horizon matters!," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 502-525, June.
  6. Borglin, Anders & Flåm, Sjur, 2007. "Rationalizing Constrained Contingent Claims," Working Papers 2007:12, Lund University, Department of Economics.
  7. De Giorgi, Enrico, 2005. "Reward-risk portfolio selection and stochastic dominance," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(4), pages 895-926, April.
  8. Au, Andrea S. & Doukas, John A. & Onayev, Zhan, 2009. "Daily short interest, idiosyncratic risk, and stock returns," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 290-316, May.
  9. Guillaume Carlier & Rose-Anne Dana, 2011. "Pareto optima and equilibria when preferences are incompletely known," Working Papers hal-00661903, HAL.
  10. Marc Rieger, 2011. "Co-monotonicity of optimal investments and the design of structured financial products," Finance and Stochastics, Springer, vol. 15(1), pages 27-55, January.
  11. Beare, Brendan K., 2011. "Measure preserving derivatives and the pricing kernel puzzle," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(6), pages 689-697.

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