Multiple Exchange Rates and Foreign Exchange Rationing: theory and an Application to El Salvador
AbstractWe discuss the use of multiple exchange rates to ration foreign exchange in developing countries, focusing on the case where there is an officially set exchange rate and a second parallel rate that is freely determined by the market. We assume the Central Bank determines the proportions of imports (exports) that can be purchased (must be sold) at the official rate, with the remainder being settled at the parallel rate. By changing these proportions to different sectors and/or commodities a multiple exchange rate system (MERS) emerges. We study the properties of such MERS in the context of a computable general equilibrium model and evaluate how different methods of allocating proportions for sectors and commodities affect output, employment and the real wage. An empirical application of the model to the case of El Salvador shows that the choice of rationing methods to allocate foreign exchange is of central importance; the same balance of payments outcome can be associated with very different changes in the real wage, employment and GNP.
Download InfoTo our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
1. Check below under "Related research" whether another version of this item is available online.
2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Boston University, Institute for Economic Development in its series Boston University - Institute for Economic Development with number 7.
Date of creation: Jan 1990
Date of revision:
You can help add them by filling out this form.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Thomas Krichel).
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.