An analysis of the significant variation in psychostimulant use across the U.S
AbstractObjective: To provide a county-level profile of the area variation in psychostimulant use in the U.S. Methods: We sepa-rated 3,030 U.S. counties into two categories of “low” and “high” use of ADHD drugs (based on data from the Drug Enforce-ment Administration, DEA), and then compared them on the basis of their socio-demographic, economic, educational, and medical characteristics. Results: We found that there is a significant difference in the profile of counties that are above or below the national median rate of psychostimulant use (defined as grams/per 100K population). Compared to counties below the median level, counties above the median level have significantly greater population, higher per-capita income, lower unemployment rates, greater HMO penetration, more physicians per capita, and higher students-to-teacher ratios. The two sets of counties also differ significantly in their demographic composition. Conclusions: Our analysis of the DEA's ARCOS data shows that area variation in psychostimulant use is large and growing over time. U.S. counties differ significantly not only in their use of psychostimulant drugs, but also in their socioeconomic, demo-graphic, educational, and health system characteristics.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Department of Economics, Florida State University in its series Working Papers with number wp2003_01_01.
Length: 20 Pages
Date of creation: Jan 2003
Date of revision: Apr 2004
Publication status: Published in Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety, 2005; 14-4: 267–275
Note: This paper was published in Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety, 2005; 14-4: 267–275 a copy is available from the publisher. If you need a copy of the original working paper, pls. contact the author.
Contact details of provider:
Postal: 246 Bellamy Building, Tallahassee, Florida 32306-2180
Web page: http://www.coss.fsu.edu/economics/
More information through EDIRC
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- I11 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Analysis of Health Care Markets
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2006-03-18 (All new papers)
You can help add them by filling out this form.
reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.Access and download statisticsgeneral information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dmitry Ryvkin).
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.