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Use of Time and Value of Unpaid Family Care Work: a Comparison between Italy and Poland

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Author Info

  • Francesca Francavilla,

    ()
    (Policy Studies Institute at University of Westminster)

  • Gianna Claudia Giannelli

    ()
    (Università degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche)

  • Gabriela Grotkowska

    (University of Warsaw)

  • Mieczyslaw W. Socha

    (University of Warsaw)

Abstract

The study provides a comparison of the size and value of unpaid family care work in two European member States, Italy and Poland. A micro-data analysis is conducted using the Italian and Polish time use surveys. Both the opportunity cost and the market replacement approaches are employed to measure family care work distinguishing between childcare and care of the elderly. The comparison between the two countries reveals that Italians participate somewhat less than Poles in child care, but substantially more in elderly care, because of demographic factors. However, the main explanation of the difference in the value of unpaid family care work, which is higher in Italy, is to be attributed to the discrepancy in hourly earnings, since average earnings of Poles are about one fifth of those of Italians. The value of unpaid family care work is more comparable when computed as percentage of the national GDP. Depending on the approach, it ranges between 3.7 and 4.4 per cent of the Polish GDP and 4.1 and 5 per cent of the Italian GDP. The national values of these activities are discussed and an interpretation of the country differentials in the family caretaking gender gaps is given in terms of differences in culture, economic development and institutions.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Universita' degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento di Scienze per l'Economia e l'Impresa in its series Working Papers - Economics with number wp2011_03.rdf.

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Length: 19 pages
Date of creation: 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:frz:wpaper:wp2011_03.rdf

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Keywords: Time Use; Unpaid Work; Care-giving; Child care; Elderly care; Poland; Italy;

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  1. Jens Bonke & Mette Deding & Mette Lausten & Leslie S. Stratton, 2008. "Intra-Household Specialization in Housework in the United States and Denmark," Social Science Quarterly, Southwestern Social Science Association, vol. 89(4), pages 1023-1043.
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