WTO disciplines on agricultural support: Experience to date and assessment of Doha proposals
AbstractWhen the World Trade Organization (WTO) was created in 1995, its members committed themselves to a set of disciplines for domestic support, market access, and export competition for agriculture. The Agreement on Agriculture laid the way for the pursuit of progressive reductions in world agricultural market distortions. Its supporters hoped the new rules and commitments would encourage countries to move domestic farm policies in a less trade-distorting direction. This research brief examines the Agreementâ€™s domestic support disciplines and their potential strengthening under the as-yet unfinished Doha Round negotiations. The brief provides a summary of the main conclusions from the March 2011 book WTO Disciplines on Agricultural Support: Seeking a Fair Basis for Trade. The analysis focuses on four developed countries (the United States, the European Union [as a single â€œcountryâ€], Japan, and Norway) and four developing countries (Brazil, China, India, and the Philippines). We highlight the substantial differences among these countries in their notifications of policy measures and the support they provide. Where a complete set of notifications is not available for 1995â€“2008, estimates (â€œshadowâ€ notifications) are constructed. Domestic support is also projected through the mid-2010s and compared to existing and potential WTO commitments.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) in its series Research briefs with number 16.
Date of creation: 2011
Date of revision:
WTO; trade; Farm management; Doha agreement; World Trade Organization Developing countries; WTO Doha round;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AGR-2012-08-23 (Agricultural Economics)
- NEP-ALL-2012-08-23 (All new papers)
- NEP-SEA-2012-08-23 (South East Asia)
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- Orden, David, 2013. "The Changing Structure of Domestic Support and Its Implications for Trade," Commissioned Papers 146657, Canadian Agricultural Trade Policy Research Network.
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