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Migration and technical efficiency in cereal production: Evidence from Burkina Faso

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  • Wouterse, Fleur S.

Abstract

"This paper uses data envelopment analysis and new data from Burkina Faso to test the impact of intercontinental and continental migration on technical efficiency in the production of two cereals—millet and sorghum—by rural households. Econometric evidence supports our theoretical expectation that the impact of emigration varies by migrant destination. I find evidence of a positive relation between continental migration and technical efficiency and a negative relation between intercontinental migration and technical efficiency. In an imperfect market environment, continental migration is associated with greater efficiency because it removes a male labor surplus; explanations for the negative relationship between intercontinental migration and technical efficiency should be sought in a surplus of female labor supply. Overall, findings suggest that migration does not lead to a transformation of cereal production from traditional to modern, because in an imperfect market environment, liquidity received in the form of remittances cannot compensate for labor shortfalls." from authors' abstract

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) in its series IFPRI discussion papers with number 815.

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Date of creation: 2008
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Handle: RePEc:fpr:ifprid:815

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Keywords: Migration; Rural households; Data envelopment analysis; Science and technology; Agricultural innovation; Cereal production; Institutional change; Innovation systems;

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  12. Mochebelele, Motsamai T. & Winter-Nelson, Alex, 2000. "Migrant Labor and Farm Technical Efficiency in Lesotho," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 143-153, January.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Wouterse, Fleur, 2011. "Social services, human capital, and technical efficiency of smallholders in Burkina Faso:," IFPRI discussion papers 1068, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  2. repec:fpr:export:1338 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. Abatania, Luke N. & Hailu, Atakelty & Mugera, Amin W., 2012. "Analysis of farm household technical efficiency in Northern Ghana using bootstrap DEA," 2012 Conference (56th), February 7-10, 2012, Freemantle, Australia 124211, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
  4. Sauer, Johannes & Gorton, Matthew & Davidova, Sophia, 2013. "Migration and Agricultural Efficiency - Empirical Evidence for Kosovo," 53rd Annual Conference, Berlin, Germany, September 25-27, 2013 156098, German Association of Agricultural Economists (GEWISOLA).
  5. Mazvimavi, Kizito & Ndlovu, Patrick V. & An, Henry & Murendo, Conrad, 2012. "Productivity and Efficiency Analysis of Maize under Conservation Agriculture in Zimbabwe," 2012 Conference, August 18-24, 2012, Foz do Iguacu, Brazil 126767, International Association of Agricultural Economists.

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