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Prestigious stock exchanges: a network analysis of international financial centers

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  • Nicola Cetorelli
  • Stavros Peristiani

Abstract

In this paper, we use methods from social network analysis to assess the relative importance of financial centers around the world. Using data from virtually the entire universe of global equity activity, we present two sets of complete rankings for up to forty-five separate locations for the 1990-2006 period. The first phase of our analysis evaluates international stock exchanges based on their ability to attract global initial public offerings (IPOs). The second phase compares the capacity of these exchanges to provide an efficient trading platform for cross-listed companies. U.S. exchanges are effectively the unique hosts for cross-border equity activity originating from many other locations. Moreover, they are the destination of choice for most companies coming from locations with highly prestigious exchanges. We find that, despite a diminished ability to attract cross-border IPOs, U.S. exchanges have maintained an undisputable lead in global equity activity throughout the entire sample period. We do find evidence of the rising importance of competing exchanges--in particular, the London Stock Exchange, the Deutsche Börse, and the Hong Kong Stock Exchange--and also of an expanding role for a number of emerging market stock exchanges. However, this rising pattern reflects improved competitive conditions in a growing global market rather than a sudden decline in the activity of U.S. exchanges.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Federal Reserve Bank of New York in its series Staff Reports with number 384.

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Date of creation: 2009
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Handle: RePEc:fip:fednsr:384

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Keywords: Stock exchanges ; Equity ; Going public (Securities);

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  1. Chinn, Menzie D. & Ito, Hiro, 2006. "What matters for financial development? Capital controls, institutions, and interactions," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 81(1), pages 163-192, October.
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  9. Nicola Cetorelli & Stavros Peristiani, 2010. "Firm value and cross-listings: the impact of stock market prestige," Staff Reports 474, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
  10. Kaufmann, Daniel & Kraay, Aart & Mastruzzi, Massimo, 2007. "The worldwide governance indicators project : answering the critics," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4149, The World Bank.
  11. Joseph D. Piotroski & Suraj Srinivasan, 2008. "Regulation and Bonding: The Sarbanes-Oxley Act and the Flow of International Listings," Journal of Accounting Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 46(2), pages 383-425, 05.
  12. Yael V. Hochberg & Alexander Ljungqvist & Yang Lu, 2007. "Whom You Know Matters: Venture Capital Networks and Investment Performance," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 62(1), pages 251-301, 02.
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  14. Stavros Peristiani, 2007. "Evaluating the relative strength of the U.S. capital markets," Current Issues in Economics and Finance, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, vol. 13(Jul).
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Cited by:
  1. Nicola Cetorelli & Stavros Peristiani, 2010. "Firm value and cross-listings: the impact of stock market prestige," Staff Reports 474, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.

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