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Chronicles of a deflation unforetold

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  • François Velde

Abstract

Suppose the nominal money supply could be cut literally overnight by, say, 20%. What would happen to prices, wages, output? The answer can be found in 1720s France, where just such an experiment was carried out, repeatedly. Prices adjusted instantaneously and fully on one market only, that for foreign exchange. Prices on other markets (such as commodities) as well as prices of manufactured goods and industrial wages fell slowly, over many months, and not by the full amount of the nominal reduction. Coincidentally or not, the industrial sector (as represented by manufacturing of woolen cloths) experienced a contraction of 30%. When the government changed course and increased the nominal money supply overnight by 20%, prices responded much more, and the woolen industry rebounded.

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Paper provided by Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago in its series Working Paper Series with number WP-06-12.

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Date of creation: 2006
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Handle: RePEc:fip:fedhwp:wp-06-12

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Keywords: Deflation (Finance) ; Prices;

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  1. Alogoskoufis, George S & Smith, Ron, 1991. "The Phillips Curve, the Persistence of Inflation, and the Lucas Critique: Evidence from Exchange-Rate Regimes," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(5), pages 1254-75, December.
  2. Bordo, Michael D, 1995. "Is There a Good Case for a New Bretton Woods International Monetary System?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(2), pages 317-22, May.
  3. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/694 is not listed on IDEAS
  4. Guillaume Daudin, 2005. "France," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/694, Sciences Po.
  5. François Velde, 2003. "Government equity and money: John Law’s system in 1720 France," Working Paper Series WP-03-31, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
  6. Glassman, Debra & Redish, Angela, 1988. "Currency depreciation in early modern England and France," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 75-97, January.
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Cited by:
  1. Joshua D. Angrist & J�rn-Steffen Pischke, 2010. "The Credibility Revolution in Empirical Economics: How Better Research Design Is Taking the Con out of Econometrics," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 24(2), pages 3-30, Spring.
  2. Young Sik Kim & Manjong Lee, 2011. "Unit of Account, Medium of Exchange, and Prices," Discussion Paper Series 1104, Institute of Economic Research, Korea University.

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  1. Chronicle of a Deflation Unforetold (JPE 2009) in ReplicationWiki

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