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The fiscal multiplier and spillover in a global liquidity trap

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  • Ippei Fujiwara
  • Kozo Ueda

Abstract

We consider the fiscal multiplier and spillover in an environment in which two countries are caught simultaneously in a liquidity trap. Using an optimizing two-country sticky price model, we show that the fiscal multiplier and spillover are contrary to those predicted in textbook economics. For the country with government expenditure, the fiscal multiplier exceeds one, the currency depreciates, and the terms of trade worsen. The fiscal spillover is negative if the intertemporal elasticity of substitution in consumption is less than one and positive if the parameter is greater than one. Incomplete stabilization of marginal costs due to the existence of the zero lower bound is a crucial factor in understanding the effects of fiscal policy in open economies.

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Paper provided by Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas in its series Globalization and Monetary Policy Institute Working Paper with number 51.

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Date of creation: 2010
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Handle: RePEc:fip:feddgw:51

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Keywords: International liquidity ; Liquidity (Economics) ; Fiscal policy ; Monetary policy;

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Cited by:
  1. Ippei Fujiwara & Yuki Teranishi, 2009. "Financial Stability in Open Economies," IMES Discussion Paper Series 09-E-09, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan.
  2. Flotho, Stefanie, 2012. "Monetary and Fiscal Policy in a Monetary Union under the Zero Lower Bound constraint," Annual Conference 2012 (Goettingen): New Approaches and Challenges for the Labor Market of the 21st Century 62028, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
  3. Cook, David & Devereux, Michael B., 2011. "Optimal fiscal policy in a world liquidity trap," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 55(4), pages 443-462, May.
  4. Ippei Fujiwara, 2010. "Export shocks and the zero bound trap," Globalization and Monetary Policy Institute Working Paper 63, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
  5. David Cook & Michael B. Devereux, 2011. "Sharing the burden: monetary and fiscal responses to a world liquidity trap," Globalization and Monetary Policy Institute Working Paper 84, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
  6. Rod Tyers & Jenny Corbett, 2011. "Japan's Economic Slowdown and its Global Implications: A Review of the Economic Modelling," Economics Discussion / Working Papers 11-19, The University of Western Australia, Department of Economics.
  7. Cook, David & Devereux, Michael B., 2011. "Cooperative fiscal policy at the zero lower bound," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 25(4), pages 465-486.
  8. Charles T Carlstrom & Timothy S Fuerst & Matthius Paustian, 2012. "Fiscal multipliers under an interest rate peg of deterministic vs. stochastic duration," Working Paper 1235, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.

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