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The impact of immigration on occupational wages: evidence from Britain

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Author Info

  • Stephen Nickell
  • Jumana Saleheen

Abstract

This paper asks whether immigration to Britain has had any impact on average wages. There seems to be a broad consensus among academics that the share of immigrants in the workforce has little or no effect on the pay rates of the indigenous population. But the studies in the literature have typically not refined their analysis by breaking it down into different occupational groups. In this paper we find that once the occupational breakdown is incorporated into a regional analysis of immigration in Britain, the immigrant-native ratio has a significant, small, negative impact on average wages. Closer examination reveals that the biggest impact is in the semi/unskilled services sector. This finding accords well with intuition and anecdote, but does not seem to have been recorded previously in the empirical literature.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Federal Reserve Bank of Boston in its series Working Papers with number 08-6.

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Date of creation: 2008
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Handle: RePEc:fip:fedbwp:08-6

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Keywords: Emigration and immigration - Great Britain ; Wages - Great Britain;

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References

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  1. Christian Dustmann & Francesca Fabbri & Ian Preston, 2005. "The Impact of Immigration on the British Labour Market," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 115(507), pages F324-F341, November.
  2. Timothy Hatton, 2002. "Why Has UK Net Immigration Increased?," CEPR Discussion Papers 457, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Research School of Economics, Australian National University.
  3. John DiNardo & David Card, 2000. "Do Immigrant Inflows Lead to Native Outflows?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(2), pages 360-367, May.
  4. Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano & Giovanni Peri, 2005. "Rethinking the Gains from Immigration: Theory and Evidence from the U.S," NBER Working Papers 11672, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. David Card, 1989. "The Impact of the Mariel Boatlift on the Miami Labor Market," Working Papers 633, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
  6. Ottaviano, Gianmarco Ireo Paolo & Peri, Giovanni, 2008. "Immigration and National Wages: Clarifying the Theory and the Empirics," CEPR Discussion Papers 6916, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  7. Marco Manacorda & Alan Manning & Jonathan Wadsworth, 2006. "The Impact of Immigration on the Structure of Male Wages: Theory and Evidence from Britain," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 0608, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
  8. David Card, 2004. "Is the New Immigration Really So Bad?," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 0402, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
  9. Ethan Lewis, 2003. "Local, open economies within the U.S.: how do industries respond to immigration?," Working Papers 04-1, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
  10. Ethan Lewis, 2005. "Immigration, skill mix, and the choice of technique," Working Papers 05-8, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
  11. Paul Beaudry & Mark Doms & Ethan Lewis, 2006. "Endogenous skill bias in technology adoption: city-level evidence from the IT revolution," Working Paper Series 2006-24, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
  12. Baltagi, Badi H. & Li, Qi, 1995. "Testing AR(1) against MA(1) disturbances in an error component model," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 133-151, July.
  13. Pesaran, M.H. & Smith, R., 1992. "Estimating Long-Run Relationships From Dynamic Heterogeneous Panels," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 9215, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
  14. Nickell, Stephen J, 1981. "Biases in Dynamic Models with Fixed Effects," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(6), pages 1417-26, November.
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Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Divide-and-rule
    by chris dillow in Stumbling and Mumbling on 2012-12-17 14:45:31
  2. Talking about immigration
    by chris dillow in Stumbling and Mumbling on 2013-03-08 15:30:30
  3. UKIP: the victory of the ruling class
    by chris dillow in Stumbling and Mumbling on 2013-05-04 11:44:21
  4. Immigration, class & ideology
    by chris dillow in Stumbling and Mumbling on 2013-06-29 12:52:28
  5. Immigration, Class, & Ideology
    by Mark Thoma in Economist's View on 2013-06-30 16:36:50
  6. Labour's cost of living problem
    by chris dillow in Stumbling and Mumbling on 2013-08-24 11:11:51
  7. Non-issues
    by chris dillow in Stumbling and Mumbling on 2014-02-05 14:23:46
  8. Immigration & the media
    by chris dillow in Stumbling and Mumbling on 2011-07-18 14:40:04
  9. Miliband on immigration
    by chris dillow in Stumbling and Mumbling on 2010-09-29 13:05:08
  10. Immigration: let's not be reasonable
    by chris dillow in Stumbling and Mumbling on 2012-11-02 14:40:42
  11. Immigration & irrationalism
    by chris dillow in Stumbling and Mumbling on 2013-03-26 14:26:19
Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
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Cited by:
  1. Christian Dustmann & Tommaso Frattini & Caroline Halls, 2009. "Assessing the Fiscal Costs and Benefits of A8 Migration to the UK," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 0918, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
  2. Wenlang Zhang & Gaofeng Han, 2013. "How have Labour Market Developments Affected Labour Costs in China?," Working Papers 072013, Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research.
  3. Martina Bisello, 2013. "Job polarization in Britain from a task-based perspective.Evidence from the UK Skills Surveys," Discussion Papers 2013/160, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
  4. Blanchflower, David G. & Lawton, Helen, 2008. "The Impact of the Recent Expansion of the EU on the UK Labour Market," IZA Discussion Papers 3695, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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