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A substituição de trabalhadores como instrumento para redução de gastos com salários: evidências para a indústria paulista

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  • Orellano, Verônica Inês Fernandez
  • Toldo Pazello, Elaine
  • Mattos, Enlinson Henrique Carvalho de

Abstract

Labor churning is an important component of labor turnover in Brazil, which includes job reallocationbetween firms. The labor churning evolution in the nineties, at least for the industry sector inSao Paulo, folows a very similar path for di erent groups of firms (divided by size or by subsectors),suggesting that changes in the macroeconomic environment a ect labor churning in a very similar wayfor different firms. This paper proposes a model to explain the path of formal labor churning in Brazil.The model admits that employers, when facing exogenous shocks that rise real wage, may substituteemployees to reduce wage costs, particularly in low inflation periods, when real wages are more rigid.An econometric analysis is conducted using disaggregated data by firms for the industry sector in theMetropolitan Region of Sao Paulo. The results confirm the models main hipotesis. The results alsosuggest that, after the monetary estabilization, controlling for inflation and with valid instruments,labor churning is relatively higher

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Paper provided by Escola de Economia de São Paulo, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil) in its series Textos para discussão with number 267.

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Date of creation: 12 Aug 2010
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Handle: RePEc:fgv:eesptd:267

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  1. Botelho, Fernando & Ponczek, Vladimir Pinheiro, 2007. "Segmentation in the brazilian labor market," Textos para discussão 231, Escola de Economia de São Paulo, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
  2. Davis, Steven J. & Haltiwanger, John, 1999. "Gross job flows," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 41, pages 2711-2805 Elsevier.
  3. Mauricio Cortez Reis & José Márcio Camargo, 2008. "Desemprego dos jovens no Brasil: os efeitos da estabilização da inflação em um mercado de trabalho com escassez de informação," Revista Brasileira de Economia, FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil), vol. 61(4), pages 493-518, July.
  4. Steven J. Davis & John C. Haltiwanger & Scott Schuh, 1998. "Job Creation and Destruction," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262540932, December.
  5. Barron, John M & McCafferty, Stephen, 1977. "Job Search, Labor Supply, and the Quit Decision: Theory and Evidence," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 67(4), pages 683-91, September.
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