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Common currency and economic integration in mercosur

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  • Pereira, Luiz Carlos Bresser
  • Brito, Marcio Holland de

Abstract

Latin America has a long history of attempts to achieve regional integration, yetsuccess has been modest. This paper contends that this is essentially due not so much toprotectionist practices in the various countries, but to the lack of a common currency, or, atleast, of a tightly managed exchange rate band. We reviewed the optimum currency areacriteria that indicate it is prudent to increase economic integration before attempting toestablish exchange rates coordination. Yet, we show that in the Mercosul there are already theminimal requirements to work on this direction. Diminishing exchange rate instability couldencourage trade and investment flows across Latin American economies. We also performed asimplified exercise to understand how feasible would be the efforts to achieve exchange rateparity stability in the two larger economies in the region (Brazil and Argentina) and stepforward toward adopting a common currency.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Escola de Economia de São Paulo, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil) in its series Textos para discussão with number 190.

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Date of creation: 05 Jun 2009
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Handle: RePEc:fgv:eesptd:190

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  1. Agénor, Pierre-Richard & Aizenman, Joshua, 2011. "Capital market imperfections and the theory of optimum currency areas," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 30(8), pages 1659-1675.
  2. Blanchard, Olivier Jean & Quah, Danny, 1989. "The Dynamic Effects of Aggregate Demand and Supply Disturbances," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(4), pages 655-73, September.
  3. Alberto Alesina & Robert J. Barro, 2002. "Currency Unions," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 117(2), pages 409-436, May.
  4. Berg, Andrew & Borensztein, Eduardo & Mauro, Paolo, 2002. "An evaluation of monetary regime options for Latin America," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 13(3), pages 213-235, December.
  5. Hochreiter, Eduard & Schmidt-Hebbel, Klaus & Winckler, Georg, 2002. "Monetary union: European lessons, Latin American prospects," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 13(3), pages 297-321, December.
  6. Jeffrey A. Frankel & Andrew K. Rose, 2000. "Estimating the Effect of Currency Unions on Trade and Output," NBER Working Papers 7857, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Guillermo A. Calvo & Carmen M. Reinhart, 2002. "Fear Of Floating," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 117(2), pages 379-408, May.
  8. Andrew K. Rose, 1999. "One Money, One Market: Estimating the Effect of Common Currencies on Trade," NBER Working Papers 7432, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Pereira, Luiz Carlos Bresser, 2008. "Crises financeira nos anos 1990 e poupança externa," Textos para discussão 172, Escola de Economia de São Paulo, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
  10. Larrain Felipe & Jose Tavares, 2003. "Regional Currencies Versus Dollarization: Options for Asia and the Americas," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 6(1), pages 35-49.
  11. Jeffrey A. Frankel, 1999. "No Single Currency Regime is Right for All Countries or At All Times," NBER Working Papers 7338, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  12. Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira & Paulo Gala, 2008. "Foreign savings, insufficiency of demand, and low growth," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 30(3), pages 315-334, April.
  13. Pereira, Luiz Carlos Bresser, 2004. "Exchange Rate: Fix, Float, or Manage It?," Textos para discussão 135, Escola de Economia de São Paulo, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
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