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From the national-bourgeois to the associated dependency interpretation of latin America


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  • Pereira, Luiz Carlos Bresser


In the 1960s and 1970s Latin America was the setting of modernizing militarycoups and of the transition of their intellectuals from nationalism to associated dependency.In the 1950s two groups of public intellectuals, organized around ECLAC, in Santiago, Chile,and ISEB, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, pioneer the thinking on Latin American societies andeconomies (including Brazil’s) from a nationalist standpoint. ECLAC mainly criticized thelaw of comparative advantage and its underlying imperialist implications; ISEB focused onthe political definition of a national-developmentalist strategy. The idea of a nationalbourgeoisie was key to this interpretation of Latin America. The Cuban revolution, theeconomic crisis of the 1960s, and the military coups in the South Cone, however, made roomfor criticism of these ideas from a new interpretation – the dependency one. By fully rejectingpossibility of a national bourgeoisie, two versions of the dependency interpretation (the“associated” and the “over-exploitation” interpretations) also rejected the possibility of anational-development strategy. Only a third one, the “national-dependent” interpretation,continued to affirm the need for and possibility of a national bourgeoisie and a nationalstrategy. Yet, it was the associated-dependency interpretation that was dominant in LatinAmerica in the 1970s and 1980s.

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Paper provided by Escola de Economia de São Paulo, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil) in its series Textos para discussão with number 185.

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Date of creation: 13 Apr 2009
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Handle: RePEc:fgv:eesptd:185

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  1. Bresser Pereira,Luiz Carlos, 2010. "Globalization and Competition," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521144537.
  2. Palma, Gabriel, 1978. "Dependency: A formal theory of underdevelopment or a methodology for the analysis of concrete situations of underdevelopment?," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 6(7-8), pages 881-924.
  3. Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira, 2002. "Brazil's Quasi-Stagnation and the Growth cum Foreign Savings Strategy," International Journal of Political Economy, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 32(4), pages 76-102, January.
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Cited by:
  1. Pereira, Luiz Carlos Bresser, 2009. "From old to new developmentalism in latin America," Textos para discussão, Escola de Economia de São Paulo, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil) 193, Escola de Economia de São Paulo, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).


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