From the national-bourgeois to the associated dependency interpretation of latin America
AbstractIn the 1960s and 1970s Latin America was the setting of modernizing militarycoups and of the transition of their intellectuals from nationalism to associated dependency.In the 1950s two groups of public intellectuals, organized around ECLAC, in Santiago, Chile,and ISEB, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, pioneer the thinking on Latin American societies andeconomies (including Brazil’s) from a nationalist standpoint. ECLAC mainly criticized thelaw of comparative advantage and its underlying imperialist implications; ISEB focused onthe political definition of a national-developmentalist strategy. The idea of a nationalbourgeoisie was key to this interpretation of Latin America. The Cuban revolution, theeconomic crisis of the 1960s, and the military coups in the South Cone, however, made roomfor criticism of these ideas from a new interpretation – the dependency one. By fully rejectingpossibility of a national bourgeoisie, two versions of the dependency interpretation (the“associated” and the “over-exploitation” interpretations) also rejected the possibility of anational-development strategy. Only a third one, the “national-dependent” interpretation,continued to affirm the need for and possibility of a national bourgeoisie and a nationalstrategy. Yet, it was the associated-dependency interpretation that was dominant in LatinAmerica in the 1970s and 1980s.
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This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2009-07-17 (All new papers)
- NEP-HIS-2009-07-17 (Business, Economic & Financial History)
- NEP-LAM-2009-07-17 (Central & South America)
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