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  • Beatrice Camaioni
  • Roberto Esposti
  • Antonello Lobianco
  • Francesco Pagliacci
  • Franco Sotte

Abstract

Rural areas still play a major role within the EU, as Europe is still a fairly rural continent. Moreover, EU rural areas are going through greater challenges and major transformations. After the Eastern enlargements of the EU (in 2004 and 2007), they are getting more and more heterogeneous, in terms of their main socio-economic features as well as of agricultural activities. According to this increasing heterogeneity, the traditional urban-rural divide can be now considered almost outdated (OECD, 2006). Indeed, a multidimensional approach is crucial in order to catch all the different features affecting trends and development of rural areas. For example, central rural regions in Continental countries sharply differ from more peripheral rural areas still facing major development issues. This research has highlighted the main dimensions affecting EU rural areas. First, some considerations on the main drivers of EU territorial development have been analysed. Then, throughout cluster analysis, specific typologies of EU rural areas have been identified. According to this classification, clear territorial patterns emerge. Actually, clusters of more central and more accessible regions are quite different from those clusters composed by more peripheral and lagging behind regions. Thus, geography still affects deeply both the economic performance of regions and their main socio-demographic trends (both in urban and rural areas). Moreover, by computing a comprehensive PeripheRurality (PR) Index, the existence of a more complex geography at the EU scale emerges. National approaches to rural and peripheral areas should be substituted by broader approaches, encompassing all the different territorial level of the analysis.

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Paper provided by WWWforEurope in its series WWWforEurope Working Papers series with number 35.

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Length: 120
Date of creation: Jul 2013
Date of revision:
Publication status: published
Handle: RePEc:feu:wfewop:y:2013:m:7:d:0:i:35

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Postal: WWWforEurope Project Office Austrian Institute of Economic Research Arsenal Objekt 20 A-1030 Vienna
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Keywords: Economic growth path; EU integration; rural development; regional policy;

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  1. Paola Bertolini e Marco Montanari, 2009. "Un approccio territoriale al tema della povertà in Europa: dimensione rurale e urbana," Economia & Lavoro, Fondazione Giacomo Brodolini, issue 1, pages 27.
  2. Franz Barjak, 2001. "Regional Disparities in Transition Economies: A Typology for East Germany and Poland," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(3), pages 289-311.
  3. Demetrios Psaltopoulos & Eudokia Balamou & Kenneth J. Thomson, 2006. "Rural-Urban Impacts of CAP Measures in Greece: An Inter-regional SAM Approach," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(3), pages 441-458.
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