Does migration threaten the sustainability of European welfare states?
AbstractWe investigate the relative contributions of migrant and native households to welfare states. Using two step Oaxaca-Blinder decompositions that control for selection into bene t take-up, we are able to identify the individual variables contributing to di erences in welfare receipt by native and migrant households. We nd that most of the di erences are explained by observable characteristics such as size of the household as well as age and education of its head and income in some countries. In contrast, signi cantly lower net contributions of migrant households to the state budget persist in many countries even after controlling for observable factors. The reasons for this are primarily lower tax payments of migrant households. Selective migration and sound integration policies and as well as policies avoiding marginalization of migrants in informal labor markets are therefore the most e ective means to avoid scal burdens of migration.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by WWWforEurope in its series WWWforEurope Working Papers series with number 21.
Date of creation: Jul 2013
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Publication status: published
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Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
- J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
- H53 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs
- I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-07-15 (All new papers)
- NEP-IUE-2013-07-15 (Informal & Underground Economics)
- NEP-MIG-2013-07-15 (Economics of Human Migration)
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