The Basic Service Quality Level of Transport Infrastructure in Peripheral Areas
AbstractThe provision of transport infrastructure outside the most populated regions in Finland has been under budgetary pressure for more than decade. Many of these less populated areas suffer a decline of the population, which adds to the stress on these regional economies. The prolonged reduction in maintenance starts to show on the local roads and secondary railroad connections, which in turn may necessitate the reduction of speeds or axle load limits. In the year 2002 the Ministry of Transport and Communication commissioned a study in which the various constituent elements for specifying an infrastructure (minimum) service level are discussed. In addition the study indicated the problems and trade-offs when bringing these elements together in a compound evaluation of a (minimum) service level. The constituent elements are very diverse, comprising technical and regulatory aspects of road and rail transport, social aspects, and economic aspects such accessibility of product and labour markets. The present paper summarises the discussion on these elements. In addition it illustrates to what extent housing and transport costs are mutually compensating when comparing households in the countryside with urban households. The observed cost differences are in accordance with the theory, but the income gap seems to be decisive with respect to migration from the countryside to the cities. The illustration is based on micro-data from the years 1985?2001.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Government Institute for Economic Research Finland (VATT) in its series Discussion Papers with number 335.
Date of creation: 10 Jun 2004
Date of revision:
Other versions of this item:
- Adriaan Perrels, 2003. "The basic service quality level of transport infrastructure in peripheral areas," ERSA conference papers ersa03p470, European Regional Science Association.
- O18 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
- R40 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - General
- H54 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Infrastructures
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Forslund, Ulla M & Johansson, Borje, 1995. "Assessing Road Investments: Accessibility Changes, Cost Benefit and Production Effects," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 29(2), pages 155-74, May.
- Masahisa Fujita & Paul Krugman & Anthony J. Venables, 2001. "The Spatial Economy: Cities, Regions, and International Trade," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262561476, December.
- Risto Sullström & Adriaan Perrels, 2004. "Finnish Household Consumption in Monetary and Physical Terms - Trends and Clarifications," Discussion Papers 351, Government Institute for Economic Research Finland (VATT).
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