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Standardization in Transportation Markets: A European Perspective

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  • Manfred J. Holler
  • Günter Knieps
  • Esko Niskanen
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    Abstract

    The paper presents an overview of issues related to standardization in the European transportation market. The paper identifies current trends in the European transportation policy: deregulation in service markets, horizontal integration of infrastructures/networks, and vertical disintegration between network provision and service provision. The paper discusses fundamental questions of standardization in the context of transportation, starting with its relevant scope. The paper distinguishes between standardization to increase uniformity of products, services and policies, and standardization to increase compatibility at interfaces, by internalizing network effects and system effects (mix and match).

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Government Institute for Economic Research Finland (VATT) in its series Discussion Papers with number 151.

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    Date of creation: 01 Jan 1997
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    Handle: RePEc:fer:dpaper:151

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    Related research

    Keywords: Standardization; transportation; EU;

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    References

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    1. Joseph Farrell & Garth Saloner, 1988. "Coordination through Committees and Markets," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 19(2), pages 235-252, Summer.
    2. Church, J. & Gandal, N., 1993. "Strategic Entry Deterrence: Complementary Products as Installed Base," Papers, Tel Aviv 16-93, Tel Aviv.
    3. Chou, Chien-fu & Shy, Oz, 1996. "Do consumers gain or lose when more people buy the same brand," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 309-330, September.
    4. Economides, Nicholas, 1996. "Network externalities, complementarities, and invitations to enter," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 211-233, September.
    5. Joseph Farrell and Nancy T. Gallini., 1987. "Second-Sourcing as a Commitment: Monopoly Incentives to Attract Competition," Economics Working Papers, University of California at Berkeley 8760, University of California at Berkeley.
    6. Farrell, Joseph & Saloner, Garth, 1986. "Standardization and variety," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 71-74.
    7. Choi, Jay Pil, 1996. "Standardization and experimentation: Ex ante vs. ex post standardization," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 273-290, September.
    8. Glazer, Amihai & Niskanen, Esko & Scotchmer, Suzanne, 1997. "On the uses of club theory: Preface to the club theory symposium," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(1), pages 3-7, July.
    9. Blankart, Charles B & Knieps, Gunther, 1993. " State and Standards," Public Choice, Springer, Springer, vol. 77(1), pages 39-52, September.
    10. Matutes, Carmen & Regibeau, Pierre, 1992. "Compatibility and Bundling of Complementary Goods in a Duopoly," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 40(1), pages 37-54, March.
    11. Knieps, Gunter, 1993. "Competition, coordination and cooperation : A disaggregated approach to transportation regulation," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 3(3), pages 201-207, July.
    12. Good, David H & Roller, Lars-Hendrik & Sickles, Robin C, 1993. "U.S. Airline Deregulation: Implications for European Transport," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 103(419), pages 1028-41, July.
    13. A. W. Coats, 1996. "Introduction," History of Political Economy, Duke University Press, vol. 28(5), pages 3-11, Supplemen.
    14. Matutes, Carmen & Regibeau, Pierre, 1996. "A selective review of the economics of standardization. Entry deterrence, technological progress and international competition," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 183-209, September.
    15. Michael L. Katz & Carl Shapiro, 1994. "Systems Competition and Network Effects," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 8(2), pages 93-115, Spring.
    16. Brueckner, Jan K & Spiller, Pablo T, 1994. "Economies of Traffic Density in the Deregulated Airline Industry," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 37(2), pages 379-415, October.
    17. Jeanneret, Marie-Helene & Verdier, Thierry, 1996. "Standardization and protection in a vertical differentiation model," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 253-271, September.
    18. David, Paul A. & Rothwell, Geoffrey S., 1996. "Measuring standardization: An application to the American and French nuclear power industries," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 291-308, September.
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    Cited by:
    1. Jan K. Brueckner & Anton Goebel & Esko Niskanen, 1997. "Airline Deregulation: The American Experience and Prospects for Europe," Discussion Papers, Government Institute for Economic Research Finland (VATT) 149, Government Institute for Economic Research Finland (VATT).

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