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North / South Contractual Design through the REDD+ Scheme

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  • Mireille Chiroleu-Assouline

    (Paris School of Economics (PSE) - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne)

  • Jean-Christophe Poudou

    (Université Montpellier 1, UMR5474 LAMETA)

  • Sébastien Roussel

    (Université Montpellier 3 Paul Valéry & Université Montpellier 1, UMR5474 LAMETA)

Abstract

In this paper we aim at theoretically grounding the Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation + (REDD+) scheme as a contractual relationship between countries in the light of the theory of incentives. Considering incomplete information about reference levels of deforestation as well as exogenous implementation and transaction costs, we compare two types of contracts: a deforestation performance-based contract and a conditional avoided deforestation-based contract. Because of the implementation and transaction costs, each kind of REDD+ contract implies a dramatically different information rent/efficiency trade-off. If the contract is performance-based (resp. conditionality-based), information rents are awarded to countries with the ex ante lowest (resp. highest) deforestation. In a simple quadratic setting, there is a reference level threshold in terms of efficiency towards less deforestation. In terms of expected welfare, conditional avoided deforestation-based schemes are preferred.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei in its series Working Papers with number 2012.89.

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Date of creation: Nov 2012
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Handle: RePEc:fem:femwpa:2012.89

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Keywords: Conditionality; Contract; Deforestation; Hidden Information; Incentives; Performance; Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation + (REDD+);

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  1. Laffont, Jean-Jacques & Tirole, Jean, 1986. "Using Cost Observation to Regulate Firms," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(3), pages 614-41, June.
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  3. Myerson, Roger B, 1979. "Incentive Compatibility and the Bargaining Problem," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(1), pages 61-73, January.
  4. Mireille Chiroleu-Assouline & Sébastien Roussel, 2010. "Contract Design to Sequester Carbon in Agricultural Soils," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 10060, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.
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  8. Combes Motel, P. & Pirard, R. & Combes, J.-L., 2009. "A methodology to estimate impacts of domestic policies on deforestation: Compensated Successful Efforts for "avoided deforestation" (REDD)," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(3), pages 680-691, January.
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  11. Hammond, Peter J, 1979. "Straightforward Individual Incentive Compatibility in Large Economies," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 46(2), pages 263-82, April.
  12. Charles Figuières & Estelle Midler, 2011. "Deforestation as an externality problem to be solved efficiently and fairly," Working Papers 11-17, LAMETA, Universtiy of Montpellier, revised Aug 2011.
  13. Tacconi, Luca, 2009. "Compensated successful efforts for avoided deforestation vs compensated reductions," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(8-9), pages 2469-2472, June.
  14. Collier, Paul & Guillaumont, Patrick & Guillaumont, Sylviane & Gunning, Jan Willem, 1997. "Redesigning conditionality," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 25(9), pages 1399-1407, September.
  15. Solenn Leplay & Jonah Busch & Philippe Delacote & Sophie Thoyer, 2011. "Implementation of national and international REDD mechanism under alternative payments for environemtal services: theory and illustration from Sumatra," Working Papers 11-02, LAMETA, Universtiy of Montpellier, revised Feb 2011.
  16. Delacote, Philippe & Simonet, Gabriela, 2013. "Readiness and Avoided deforestation policies: on the use of the REDD fund," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/12984, Paris Dauphine University.
  17. Charles Figuières & Solenn Leplay & Estelle Midler & Sophie Thoyer, 2010. "The REDD scheme to curb deforestation: A well-designed system of incentives?," Working Papers 10-06, LAMETA, Universtiy of Montpellier, revised Jun 2010.
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