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Post-Durban Climate Policy Architecture Based on Linkage of Cap-and-Trade Systems

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  • Matthew Ranson

    (Harvard University, Harvard Kennedy School)

  • Robert N. Stavins

    (John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University)

Abstract

The outcome of the December 2011 United Nations climate negotiations in Durban, South Africa, provides an important new opportunity to move toward an international climate policy architecture that is capable of delivering broad international participation and significant global CO2 emissions reductions at reasonable cost. We evaluate one important component of potential climate policy architecture for the post-Durban era: links among independent tradable permit systems for greenhouse gases. Because linkage reduces the cost of achieving given targets, there is tremendous pressure to link existing and planned cap-and-trade systems, and in fact, a number of links already or will soon exist. We draw on recent political and economic experience with linkage to evaluate potential roles that linkage may play in post-Durban international climate policy, both in a near-term, de facto architecture of indirect links between regional, national, and sub-national cap-and-trade systems, and in longer-term, more comprehensive bottom-up architecture of direct links. Although linkage will certainly help to reduce long-term abatement costs, it may also serve as an effective mechanism for building institutional and political structure to support a future climate agreement.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei in its series Working Papers with number 2012.43.

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Date of creation: May 2012
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Handle: RePEc:fem:femwpa:2012.43

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Keywords: Global Climate Change; Market-Based Instruments; Cap-and-Trade; Carbon Pricing; Carbon Taxes; Linkage; International Climate Policy Architecture;

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References

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  1. Valentina Bosetti & David Tomberlin, 2004. "Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei," Working Papers 2004.102, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
  2. Zhang, Junjie & Wang, Can, 2011. "Co-benefits and additionality of the clean development mechanism: An empirical analysis," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 62(2), pages 140-154, September.
  3. Helm, Carsten, 2003. "International emissions trading with endogenous allowance choices," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(12), pages 2737-2747, December.
  4. Kruger, Joseph & Oates, Wallace E. & Pizer, William A., 2007. "Decentralization in the EU Emissions Trading Scheme and Lessons for Global Policy," Discussion Papers dp-07-02, Resources For the Future.
  5. Hahn, Robert W. & Stavins, Robert N., 1999. "What Has the Kyoto Protocol Wrought? The Real Architecture of International Tradable Permit Markets," Working paper 70, Regulation2point0.
  6. Montagnoli, Alberto & de Vries, Frans P., 2010. "Carbon trading thickness and market efficiency," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(6), pages 1331-1336, November.
  7. Valentina Bosetti & Sergey Paltsev & John Reilly & Carlo Carraro, 2011. "Emissions Pricing to Stabilize Global Climate," Working Papers 2011.80, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
  8. Eric Karpas & Suzi Kerr, 2011. "Preliminary Evidence on Responses to the New Zealand Forestry Emissions Trading Scheme," Working Papers 11_09, Motu Economic and Public Policy Research.
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Cited by:
  1. Matthew Ranson & Robert Stavins, 2014. "Linkage of Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading Systems: Learning from Experience," NBER Working Papers 19824, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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