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Optimal Timing of Environmental Policy; Interaction Between Environmental Taxes and Innovation Externalities

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  • Reyer Gerlagh

    (University of Manchester)

  • Snorre Kverndokk

    (Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research)

  • Knut Einar Rosendahl

    (Statistics Norway)

Abstract

This paper addresses the impact of endogenous technology through research and development (R&D) and learning by doing (LbD) on the timing of environmental policy. We develop two models, the first with R&D and the second with LbD. We study the interaction between environmental taxes and innovation externalities in a dynamic economy and prove policy equivalence between the second-best R&D and the LbD model. Our analysis shows that the difference found in the literature between optimal environmental policy in R&D and LbD models can partly be traced back to the set of policy instruments available, rather than being directly linked to the source of technological innovation. Arguments for early action in LbD models carry over to a second-best R&D setting. We show that environmental taxes should be high compared to the Pigouvian levels when an abatement industry is developing. We illustrate our analysis through numerical simulations on climate change policy.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei in its series Working Papers with number 2007.35.

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Date of creation: Apr 2007
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Handle: RePEc:fem:femwpa:2007.35

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Keywords: Environmental Policy; Technological Change; Research and Development; Learning by Doing;

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References

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  1. Isoard, Stephane & Soria, Antonio, 2001. "Technical change dynamics: evidence from the emerging renewable energy technologies," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(6), pages 619-636, November.
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  3. Rosendahl, Knut Einar, 2004. "Cost-effective environmental policy: implications of induced technological change," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 48(3), pages 1099-1121, November.
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  22. van der Zwaan, B. C. C. & Gerlagh, R. & G. & Klaassen & Schrattenholzer, L., 2002. "Endogenous technological change in climate change modelling," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 24(1), pages 1-19, January.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Tom-Reiel Heggedal, 2008. "On R&D and the undersupply of emerging versus mature technologies," Discussion Papers 571, Research Department of Statistics Norway.
  2. Reyer Gerlagh & Snorre Kverndokk & Knut Einar Rosendah, 2008. "Linking Environmental and Innovation Policy," Working Papers 2008.53, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
  3. Grimaud, André & Rougé, Luc, 2007. "Environment, Directed Technical Change and Economic Policy," IDEI Working Papers 384, Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse.
  4. Ziesemer, Thomas & Michaelis, Peter, 2011. "Strategic environmental policy and the accumulation of knowledge," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 180-191, June.
  5. Geir H. Bjertnæs & Tom-Reiel Heggedal & Karl Jacobsen, 2009. "Knowledge spillovers and the timing of R&D policy," DEGIT Conference Papers c014_042, DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade.
  6. Wiepke Wissema & Rob Dellink, 2010. "AGE assessment of interactions between climate change policy instruments and pre-existing taxes: the case of Ireland," International Journal of Global Environmental Issues, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 10(1/2), pages 46-62.

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