Employment and Innovations in the Environmental Sector: Determinants and Econometrical Results for Germany
AbstractBesides other determinants environmental regulation, institutions like environmental agencies and social customs lead to a demand for environmental goods and services. On the basis of the public choice theory it can be shown that environmental regulation is endogenous and can be influenced by the environmental awareness of voters and interest groups. Following the so-called Porter hypothesis early developed environmental legislation induces environmental innovations and creates first mover advantages connected with a high international competitiveness of the environmental industry. An empirical analysis based on the establishment panel of the Institute for Employment Research (IAB) shows that more than 900,000 persons are employed in the environmental sector in Germany. Following the results of an econometrical analysis of employment perspectives and innovation behaviour integrated environmental technologies will become more relevant whereas employment in “traditional” end-of-pipe fields like the prevention of waste water pollution or air pollution will be reduced.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei in its series Working Papers with number 2003.47.
Date of creation: Jun 2003
Date of revision:
Employment; Environmental sector; Innovation behaviour;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- Q21 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Demand and Supply (the Commons)
- J4 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets
- C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-INO-2004-09-12 (Innovation)
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- Frondel, Manuel & Horbach, Jens & Rennings, Klaus & Requate, Till, 2004. "Environmental Policy Tools and Firm-Level Management Practices : Empirical Evidence for Germany," Economics Working Papers 2004,02, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Department of Economics.
- Frondel, Manuel & Horbach, Jens & Rennings, Klaus, 2004. "End-of-Pipe or Cleaner Production? An Empirical Comparison of Environmental Innovation Decisions Across OECD Countries," ZEW Discussion Papers 04-82, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
- Horbach, Jens, 2008. "The impact of innovation activities on employment in the environmental sector : empirical results for Germany at the firm level," IAB Discussion Paper 200816, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
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