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A falta faz falta? Um estudo sobre o absenteísmo dos professores da rede estadual paulista de ensino e seus efeitos sobre o desempenho escolar

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  • Priscilla Tavares
  • Rafael Camelo
  • Paula Kasmirski

Abstract

Este artigo propõe-se a investigar: a) os determinantes do absenteísmo docente e b) seu impacto sobre o desempenho de matemática dos estudantes da 4ª série do ensino fundamental da rede estadual paulista de ensino. Utilizam-se os dados de proficiência e questionários do SARESP e dados administrativos da Secretaria de Educação do Estado de São Paulo. No primeiro exercício, mostra-se que os atributos pessoais dos professores, relacionados à sua carreira, ajudam a explicar sua decisão em faltar. Conclui-se que quanto mais estável é professor, em termos de tempo de carreira e do status ocupacional, maiores são os incentivos a faltar. Por outro lado, quanto maior o engajamento do professor na escola, menor a incidência de faltas. No segundo exercício, estima-se que 10 dias a mais de falta dos professores estão associados a uma nota em matemática 5% de um desvio-padrão abaixo da média, quando se estima o modelo por MQO. Para dar conta da eventual endogeneidade da taxa de absenteísmo do professor, utiliza-se a técnica de variáveis instrumentais, cujo instrumento é a distância da casa do professor até a escola. O instrumento utilizado parece ser capaz de isolar boa parte da endogeneidade por trás do absenteísmo docente, mas a partir desta estratégia econométrica o absenteísmo não se mostra significante para explicar o desempenho dos alunos.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade de Ribeirão Preto in its series Working Papers with number 09_08.

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Date of creation: 2009
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Handle: RePEc:fea:wpaper:09_08

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Keywords: educação; desempenho escolar; absenteísmo dos professores;

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  1. Esther Duflo & Rema Hanna, 2005. "Monitoring Works: Getting Teachers to Come to School," Working Papers id:301, eSocialSciences.
  2. Nazmul Chaudhury & Jeffrey Hammer & Michael Kremer & Karthik Muralidharan & F. Halsey Rogers, 2006. "Missing in Action: Teacher and Health Worker Absence in Developing Countries," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 20(1), pages 91-116, Winter.
  3. Ronald G. Ehrenberg & Randy A. Ehrenberg & Daniel I. Rees & Eric L. Ehrenberg, 1991. "School District Leave Policies, Teacher Absenteeism, and Student Achievement," NBER Working Papers 2874, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Charles T. Clotfelter & Helen F. Ladd & Jacob L. Vigdor, 2007. "Are Teacher Absences Worth Worrying About in the U.S.?," NBER Working Papers 13648, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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