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Determinantes del gasto sanitario: Un analisis empírico para el caso europeo

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  • David Cantarero Prieto
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    Abstract

    En este trabajo se analizan los principales determinantes del gasto en sanidad y se propone un modelo explicativo de su comportamiento para el caso de la Unión Europea. Algunos trabajos anteriores en este sentido mostraban elasticidades-renta iguales o superiores a la unidad con respecto a los gastos sanitarios. Dichas conclusiones podrían estar sobredimensionadas debido al sesgo de las variables omitidas en el análisis y a la presencia de elementos latentes específicos de cada año o país que estarían influyendo sobre los gastos sanitarios per cápita. El objetivo de este estudio es realizar un análisis econométrico, utilizando datos de panel para el período 1990-2004, a fin de determinar los principales factores explicativos del crecimiento del gasto sanitario de los países europeos. Los resultados muestran que el factor más importante en la explicación del volumen de gasto público sanitario es la renta mientras que otros factores de demanda y de oferta así como el grado de descentralización o tipo de sistema sanitario también influyen pero son menos importantes.

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    File URL: http://documentos.fedea.net/pubs/eee/eee228.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by FEDEA in its series Studies on the Spanish Economy with number 228.

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    Handle: RePEc:fda:fdaeee:228

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