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Regulating Prostitution: A Comparative Law and Economics Approach

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  • Rocío Albert
  • Fernando Gómez
  • Yanna Gutierrez Franco
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    Abstract

    El mercado de la prostitución ha sido históricamente y es en la actualidad objeto de una amplia y variada gama de tratamientos legales. La literatura económica ha explorado la naturaleza de las decisiones de oferta y demanda en este mercado, tanto desde el punto de vista teórico como empírico. En este artículo, nos centramos en analizar los efectos sobre el bienestar social, en términos de reducción de las externalidades habitualmente asociadas a la prostitución, de las distintas alternativas de regulación que se vienen aplicando. Para ello, examinamos los cuatro modelos principales de regulación: prohibicionismo, abolicionismo, legalización (ya sea sin restricciones o limitada a determinadas zonas), o simple tolerancia (limbo legal). De su examen observamos la muy diversa eficacia de cada uno de estos sistemas en los distintos segmentos del mercado de la prostitución, un mercado nítidamente segmentado debido a diferencias no sólo en precio y calidad del servicio, sino también en cuanto al papel jugado, en su caso, por los intermediarios, a la escala de los operadores, los canales de comunicación o las salvaguardias contractuales existentes. Nuestro estudio concluye que es necesario aplicar una regulación más diversificada que la actualmente aplicada en la mayoría de las legislaciones, precisamente atendiendo a estas diferencias en la actividad, que requieren regímenes también diferenciados.

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    File URL: http://documentos.fedea.net/pubs/dt/2007/dt-2007-30.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by FEDEA in its series Working Papers with number 2007-30.

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    Date of creation: Oct 2007
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    Handle: RePEc:fda:fdaddt:2007-30

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    Web page: http://www.fedea.net

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    1. Rao, Vijayendra & Gupta, Indrani & Lokshin, Michael & Jana, Smarajit, 2003. "Sex workers and the cost of safe sex: the compensating differential for condom use among Calcutta prostitutes," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 71(2), pages 585-603, August.
    2. Lena Edlund & Evelyn Korn, 2002. "A Theory of Prostitution," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 110(1), pages 181-214, February.
    3. E. Nick Larsen, 1996. "The Effect of Different Police Enforcement Policies on the Control of Prostitution," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 22(1), pages 40-55, March.
    4. Della Giusta, Marina & Di Tommaso, Maria Laura & Shima, Isilda & Strøm, Steinar, 2006. "What money buys: clients of street sex workers in the US," Memorandum 10/2006, Oslo University, Department of Economics.
    5. Paul J. Gertler & Manisha Shah, 2011. "Sex Work and Infection: What’s Law Enforcement Got to Do with It?," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 54(4), pages 811 - 840.
    6. Peter G. Moffatt & Simon A. Peters, 2004. "Pricing Personal Services: An Empirical Study of Earnings in the UK Prostitution Industry," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 51(5), pages 675-690, November.
    7. Ramseyer, J Mark, 1991. "Indentured Prostitution in Imperial Japan: Credible Commitments in the Commercial Sex Industry," Journal of Law, Economics and Organization, Oxford University Press, vol. 7(1), pages 89-116, Spring.
    8. David Kreps & Robert Wilson, 1999. "Reputation and Imperfect Information," Levine's Working Paper Archive 238, David K. Levine.
    9. Samuel Cameron & Alan Collins, 2003. "Estimates of a Model of Male Participation in the Market for Female Heterosexual Prostitution Services," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 16(3), pages 271-288, November.
    10. Marina Della Giusta & Maria Laura Di Tommaso & Steinar Strom, 2004. "Another Theory of Prostitution," Economics & Management Discussion Papers em-dp2004-13, Henley Business School, Reading University.
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