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Análisis cuantitativo del estado de bienestar en Europa: Modelos y resultados

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  • Carlos Ocaña Orbis
  • Gabriel Pérez-Quiros
  • J. Ignacio Conde-Ruiz

Abstract

El objetivo principal de este artículo es realizar un análisis de los distintos modelos de Estado de Bienestar en Europa. En primer lugar, utilizando una metodología puramente estadística, clasificamos los distintos modelos en función no sólo del grado de generosidad de los distintos programas (pensiones, sanidad, dependencia, educación, prestaciones por desempleo, ayuda a las familias, etc.), sino también en función del grado de regulación de los distintos mercados (de trabajo, bienes y servicios). En segundo lugar, con la misma metodología, clasificamos a los distintos modelos en función del nivel de bienestar que proporcionan a sus habitantes. Para determinar el nivel de bienestar utilizamos un conjunto de variables que lo miden de forma directa (esperanza de vida, nivel de desigualdad, nivel de pobreza, etc.) y de forma indirecta como (tasa de paro, índice de competitividad, nivel de corrupción, etc.). Por último, los resultados del artículo sugieren que la configuración del Estado de Bienestar tiene efectos directos sobre el bienestar que proporciona y concluye con una serie de implicaciones sobre su diseño óptimo.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by FEDEA in its series Working Papers with number 2007-03.

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Date of creation: Feb 2007
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Handle: RePEc:fda:fdaddt:2007-03

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