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Indeterminacy, intergenerational redistribution, endogenous longevity and human capital accumulation

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  • Giam Pietro Cipriani

    (Department of Economics, University of Verona)

  • Miltiadis Makris

    (Department of Economics, University of Exeter and CMPO, University of Bristol)

Abstract

This paper sets up an OLG economy with endogenous life expectancy to study how fiscal policy that redistributes between generations can open the door to sunspot equilibria. Agents invest independently in their own human capital, produce and consume output, and receive a pension upon retirement. The model produces an expectations coordination problem that can explain significant differences in growth paths followed by otherwise identical countries. In particular, we show that our economy may be characterised by local indeterminacy of dynamic equilibria, and hence feature fluctuations which are driven by extrinsic uncertainty.

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File URL: http://people.exeter.ac.uk/cc371/RePEc/dpapers/DP0401.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Exeter University, Department of Economics in its series Discussion Papers with number 0401.

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Date of creation: 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:exe:wpaper:0401

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Postal: Streatham Court, Rennes Drive, Exeter EX4 4PU
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Web page: http://business-school.exeter.ac.uk/about/departments/economics/
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Related research

Keywords: Endogenous Longevity; Human Capital; Intergenerational Redistribution; Local Indeterminacy; Sunspots.;

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References

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  1. Schmitt-Grohe, Stephanie & Uribe, Martin, 1997. "Balanced-Budget Rules, Distortionary Taxes, and Aggregate Instability," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 105(5), pages 976-1000, October.
  2. Cipriani, Giam Pietro & Makris, Miltiadis, 2006. "A model with self-fulfilling prophecies of longevity," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 91(1), pages 122-126, April.
  3. Robert Tamura, 2002. "Human capital and economic development," Working Paper 2002-5, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta.
  4. Nordblom, Katarina, 2003. "Is increased public schooling really a policy for equality?: The role of within-the-family education," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(9-10), pages 1943-1965, September.
  5. Benhabib, Jess & Gali, Jordi, 1995. "On Growth and Indeterminacy: Some Theory and Evidence," Working Papers 95-08, C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics, New York University.
  6. Eric W. Bond & Ping Wang & Chong K. Yip, 1993. "A general two-sector model of endogenous growth with human and physical capital: balanced growth and transitional dynamics," Research Paper 9324, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
  7. David N. Weil & Oded Galor, 2000. "Population, Technology, and Growth: From Malthusian Stagnation to the Demographic Transition and Beyond," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(4), pages 806-828, September.
  8. Cazzavillan, Guido, 1996. "Public Spending, Endogenous Growth, and Endogenous Fluctuations," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 71(2), pages 394-415, November.
  9. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1988. "On the mechanics of economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 3-42, July.
  10. Blackburn, Keith & Cipriani, Giam Pietro, 2002. "A model of longevity, fertility and growth," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 187-204, February.
  11. Jang-Ting Guo & Kevin J. Lansing, 1997. "Indeterminacy and stabilization policy," Working Paper 9708, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
  12. Gary S. Becker & Kevin M. Murphy & Robert F. Tamura, 1990. "Human Capital, Fertility, and Economic Growth," NBER Working Papers 3414, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  13. Benhabib, Jess & Farmer, Roger E.A., 1999. "Indeterminacy and sunspots in macroeconomics," Handbook of Macroeconomics, in: J. B. Taylor & M. Woodford (ed.), Handbook of Macroeconomics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 6, pages 387-448 Elsevier.
  14. Jaime Alonso-Carrera & María Jesús Freire-Serén, 2002. "Multiple equilibria, fiscal policy, and human capital accumulation," Working Papers 0204, Universidade de Vigo, Departamento de Economía Aplicada.
  15. Matteo Cervellati & Uwe Sunde, 2005. "Human Capital Formation, Life Expectancy, and the Process of Development," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 95(5), pages 1653-1672, December.
  16. Park, Hyun & Philippopoulos, Apostolis, 2004. "Indeterminacy and fiscal policies in a growing economy," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 645-660, January.
  17. Ehrlich, Isaac & Lui, Francis T, 1991. "Intergenerational Trade, Longevity, and Economic Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(5), pages 1029-59, October.
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Cited by:
  1. Giam Pietro Cipriani & Miltiadis Makris, 2009. "PAYG Pensions and Human Capital Accumulation: Some Unpleasant Arithmetic," CHILD Working Papers wp19_09, CHILD - Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic economics - ITALY.

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